Influences of environmental and operational factors on dark fermentative hydrogen production: a review

Mohammadi, P. and Ibrahim, S. and Annuar, M.S.M. and Ghafari, S. and Vikineswary, S. and Zinatizadeh, A.A. (2012) Influences of environmental and operational factors on dark fermentative hydrogen production: a review. Clean-Soil Air Water, 40 (11). pp. 1297-1305. ISSN 1863-0650, DOI

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Hydrogen (H2) is one of renewable energy sources known for its non-polluting and environmentally friendly nature, as its end combustion product is water (H2O). The biological production of H2 is a less energy intensive alternative where processes can be operated at ambient temperature and pressure. Dark fermentation by bacterial biomass is one of multitude of approaches to produce hydrogen which is known as the cleanest renewable energy and is thus receiving increasing attention worldwide. The present study briefly reviews the biohydrogen production process with special attention on the effects of several environmental and operational factors towards the process. Factors such as organic loading rate, hydraulic retention time, temperature, and pH studied in published reports were compared and their influences are discussed in this work. This review highlights the variations in examined operating ranges for the factors as well as their reported optimum values. Divergent values observed for the environmental/operational factors merit further exploration in this field. © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: 036TY Times Cited:0 Cited References Count:109
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biohydrogen production, Hydraulic retention time, Organic loading rate, Temperature, biological production, biomass, combustion, energy resource, fermentation, hydraulics, hydrogen, pressure effect, renewable resource, retention, temperature effect, Bacteria (microorganisms)
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2014 01:43
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2017 08:39

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