Structure-selectivity relationship of a zirconia-based heterogeneous acid catalyst in the production of green mono- and dioleate product

Kong, Pei San and Peres, Yolande and Cognet, Patrick and Senocq, Francois and Daud, Wan Mohd Ashri Wan and Aroua, Mohamed Kheireddine and Ahmad, Haniza and Sankaran, Revathy and Show, Pau Loke Structure-selectivity relationship of a zirconia-based heterogeneous acid catalyst in the production of green mono- and dioleate product. Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy, 23 (1, SI). pp. 19-29. ISSN 1618-954X, DOI

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A novel catalytic technique is vital to produce mono- and dioleate (GMO and GDO) from bioglycerol: a renewable resource and by-product of biodiesel. The advantage of this invention is the direct production of GMO and GDO through catalytic approach compared to the conventional method that requires transesterification and distillation processes. In this paper, glycerol esterification with oleic acid using a catalyst was experimented. The process was carried out over a hydrophobic mesoporous zirconia-silica heterogeneous acid catalyst (ZrO2-SiO2-Me&Et-PhSO3H) with three types of sulphated zirconia catalysts (SO42-/ZrO2) to produce high-selectivity GMO and GDO products. The catalytic performance of the hydrophobic ZrO2-SiO2-Me&Et-PhSO3H catalyst was benchmarked with that of SO42-/ZrO2 which was developed from three zirconium precursors. Results showed that the pore volume and hydrophobicity of the designed catalyst greatly could influence the product selectivity, thus enabling smaller substrates GMO and GDO to be dominated in the synthesis. This finding was supported by characterisation data obtained through N(2)adsorption-desorption, X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. In addition, a good correlation was found between pore volume (pore size) and product selectivity. High pore volume catalyst favoured GDO production under identical reaction conditions. Pore volume and size can be used to control product sensitivity. The hydrophobicity of the catalyst was found to improve the initial reaction rate effectively.

Item Type: Article
Funders: INCREASE CNRS France, Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (Malaysia) (FRGS/1/2019/STG05/UNIM/02/2), Dual PhD scholarship (University of Malaya), French government scholarship (Embassy France of Kuala Lumpur)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hydrophobic silica-zirconia-based catalyst; Sulphated zirconia; Structural; Selectivity; Esterification; Glycerol
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering > Department of Chemical Engineering
Faculty of Science > Institute of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2022 08:27
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2022 08:27

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