Nanofluids for flat plate solar collectors: Fundamentals and applications

Alawi, Omer A. and Kamar, Haslinda Mohamed and Mallah, A.R. and Mohammed, Hussein A. and Kazi, Md. Salim Newaz and Che Sidik, Nor Azwadi and Najafi, Gholamhassan (2021) Nanofluids for flat plate solar collectors: Fundamentals and applications. Journal of Cleaner Production, 291. p. 125725. ISSN 09596526, DOI

Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL:


Among different sources of renewable energy, solar energy is widely used almost exclusively because of its ease of availability and its lowest environmental effects. The most commonly used solar collectors are the flat plate solar collectors (FPSCs). However, they are less powerful (low capacity to convert solar energy to thermal energy). It is possible to classify the use of nanofluid on FPSCs as an efficient way to boost the solar collectors' performance. In this paper, studies on metal oxides, non-metal oxides, solid metals, semiconductor nanomaterials, carbon nanostructured, and nanocomposite nanofluids used as heat transfer fluids (HTFs) within FPSCs are examined sequentially. Various parameters affecting the FPSC's thermal efficiency, such as nanoparticle type, nanoparticle concentration, nanoparticle size/shape, solar radiance, and mass flow rate, are extensively analyzed. Studies have also compared various types of single nanofluids or mixture nanofluids with FPSCs under the same operating conditions. It is found that the use of carbon-based nanofluids compared to metal oxides of nanofluids under the same conditions has resulted in a major improvement in the energetic and exergetic performance of the FPSC. Furthermore, the reviewed research revealed that there is a tremendous opportunity to achieve the commercial application of carbon-based nanofluid FPSC. The obstacles and opportunities for further study are also highlighted.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nanofluids; Flat-plate solar collectors (FPSCs); Energy efficiency; Exergy efficiency
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 21 Feb 2022 08:14
Last Modified: 21 Feb 2022 08:14

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item