Experimental investigation on surface tension of metal oxide-water nanofluids

Bhuiyan, M.H.U. and Saidur, R. and Mostafizur, R.M. and Mahbubul, I.M. and Amalina, M.A. (2015) Experimental investigation on surface tension of metal oxide-water nanofluids. International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer, 65. pp. 82-88. ISSN 0735-1933, DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.icheatmasstransfer.2015.01.002.

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"Nanofluids", smart fluids with advanced thermal properties, have proved their promising potential in enhancing the heat transfer performance of a thermal system as well as mitigating the energy crisis of the universe. Besides all other's thermo-physical properties, surface tension governs the transport of the liquid and plays a crucial role in the heat transfer. However, the studies on the effect of surface tension on the performance of nanofluids are quite a few and demonstrated debatable results. Therefore, the present experimental study attempts to determine the surface tension of the nanofluids by dispersing Al2O3, TiO2, and SiO2 nanoparticles in Distilled Water (DW). The experiment was conducted by using the most common Du-Hotly ring method in DCAT11EC automatic surface tensiometer. In this study, the authors analyzed all the possible effects on surface tension of nanofluids with the change in concentrations (from 0.05 to 025 vol.) and temperatures (from 30 degrees C to 50 degrees C), as well as the impact of various nanoparticles along with their sizes. The results indicate that the surface tension of the nanofluids increases with concentration, whereas decreases with the increase in temperature. Besides, the smaller nanoparticles exhibit lower surface tension than the larger ones. All in all, the surface tension of the nanofluids augments from 3.1 to 7.8 in compared with the base fluid for concentrations of 0.05 vol. to 0.25 vol. and temperatures of 30 degrees C to 50 degrees C, in all cases. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Funders: High Impact Research MoE Grant from the Ministry of Education, Malaysia UM.C/625/1/HIR/MoE/ENG/40
Additional Information: ISI Document Delivery No.: CL5DK Times Cited: 0 Cited Reference Count: 38 Cited References: Abbas Z, 2008, J PHYS CHEM C, V112, P5715, DOI 10.1021/jp709667u Alawi OA, 2014, INT COMMUN HEAT MASS, V56, P50, DOI 10.1016/j.icheatmasstransfer.2014.04.014 Brown MA, 2013, LANGMUIR, V29, P5023, DOI 10.1021/la4005054 Chen RH, 2011, INT J HEAT MASS TRAN, V54, P2459, DOI 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2011.02.016 Choi S.U.S., 1995, ASME INT MECH ENG C Das SK, 2003, INT J HEAT MASS TRAN, V46, P851, DOI 10.1016/S0017-9310(02)00348-4 Deng D, 2013, ACS APPL MATER INTER, V5, P774, DOI 10.1021/am302338x Domec JC, 2011, TREE PHYSIOL, V31, P359, DOI 10.1093/treephys/tpr039 Elias MM, 2014, INT COMMUN HEAT MASS, V54, P48, DOI 10.1016/j.icheatmasstransfer.2014.03.005 Godson L., 2010, 37 NAT 4 INT C FLUID Golubovic MN, 2009, APPL THERM ENG, V29, P1281, DOI 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2008.05.005 Grafe W, 2013, J MATER SCI, V48, P2092, DOI 10.1007/s10853-012-6983-0 Hemmat Esfe M., 2014, INT COMMUN HEAT MASS, V58, P176 Hu YX, 2014, INT J HEAT MASS TRAN, V70, P496, DOI 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2013.11.031 Hung YH, 2013, EXP THERM FLUID SCI, V44, P504, DOI 10.1016/j.expthermflusci.2012.08.012 Hyungdae Kim, 2011, NANOSCALE RES LETT, V6, P1 Jiang LL, 2014, ENERG CONVERS MANAGE, V81, P10, DOI 10.1016/j.enconman.2014.01.044 Khaleduzzaman SS, 2013, INT COMMUN HEAT MASS, V49, P110, DOI 10.1016/j.icheatmasstransfer.2013.10.010 Kim SJ, 2007, INT J HEAT MASS TRAN, V50, P4105, DOI 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2007.02.002 Lee HJ, 2012, J MATER SCI, V47, P5114, DOI 10.1007/s10853-012-6386-2 Lei Yang, 2013, IEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology, V3, DOI 10.1109/TCPMT.2012.2221126 Lu M.-C., 2013, NANOSCALE RES LETT, V8, P1 Moosavi M, 2010, INT J HEAT FLUID FL, V31, P599, DOI 10.1016/j.ijheatfluidflow.2010.01.011 Mostafizur RM, 2014, INT J HEAT MASS TRAN, V76, P350, DOI 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2014.04.040 Mostafizur RM, 2014, INT J HEAT MASS TRAN, V77, P765, DOI 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2014.05.055 Murshed SMS, 2008, J PHYS D APPL PHYS, V41, DOI 10.1088/0022-3727/41/8/085502 Radiom M., 2009, 4 INT C EXP MECH INT Reay D., 2013, HEAT PIPES THEORY DE Suleimanov BA, 2011, J PETROL SCI ENG, V78, P431, DOI 10.1016/j.petrol.2011.06.014 Tanvir S, 2012, NANOSCALE RES LETT, V7, P1 Taylor R, 2013, J APPL PHYS, V113, DOI 10.1063/1.4754271 Vafaei S, 2011, LANGMUIR, V27, P2211, DOI 10.1021/la104254a Vafaei S, 2009, NANOTECHNOLOGY, V20, DOI 10.1088/0957-4484/20/18/185702 Vafaei S, 2010, LANGMUIR, V26, P6902, DOI 10.1021/la1012022 Vivet L, 2013, APPL SURF SCI, V287, P13, DOI 10.1016/j.apsusc.2013.09.042 Yang Xue-Fei, 2011, NANOSCALE RES LETT, V6, P1 You SM, 2003, APPL PHYS LETT, V83, P3374, DOI 10.1063/1.1619206 Zhu BJ, 2011, MATER SCI FORUM, V688, P266, DOI 10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.688.266 Bhuiyan, M. H. U. Saidur, R. Mostafizur, R. M. Mahbubul, I. M. Amalina, M. A. Engineering, Faculty /I-7935-2015 Engineering, Faculty /0000-0002-4848-7052 High Impact Research MoE Grant from the Ministry of Education, Malaysia UM.C/625/1/HIR/MoE/ENG/40 This research is supported by High Impact Research MoE Grant UM.C/625/1/HIR/MoE/ENG/40 from the Ministry of Education, Malaysia. Authors also would like to thank Nanocombicat for helping in experimental investigation to carry out this research. 0 PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD OXFORD INT COMMUN HEAT MASS
Uncontrolled Keywords: Surface tension, nanofluids, nanoparticles size, concentration, temperature, critical heat-flux, methanol based nanofluids, thermal performance, nanoparticles, temperature, wettability, recovery, pipes,
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2016 03:30
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2016 03:30
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/15694

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