The impacts of climate change policies on the transportation sector

Solaymani, S. and Kardooni, R. and Yusoff, S. and Kari, F. (2015) The impacts of climate change policies on the transportation sector. Energy, 81. pp. 719-728. ISSN 0360-5442, DOI

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This study examines the impact of carbon tax and its alternative, energy tax, on both the Malaysian economy and the transport sector, using a CGE (Computable General Equilibrium) framework. In order to achieve government revenue neutrality, two schemes for revenue recycling, namely lump-sum transfer and labour tax recycling, are employed. The simulation's results show that the carbon tax policy is more effective than the energy tax policy in reducing carbon emissions; because it is less expensive. The negative impact of the carbon tax, on real GDP (Gross Domestic Product) and investment, is less than the energy tax in both recycling schemes. Through lump-sum transfer, both taxes lead to an increase in the consumption and welfare of households, because the tax interaction effect is less than the tax recycling effect; however, through labour tax recycling, they decrease the consumption and welfare of all household groups. These tax policies are not beneficial for the transportation sector, because they lead to decreases in domestic output, domestic demand, exports and imports of all transport sectors. The climate change policies would lead to mitigation of rebound effect in whole of the economy and the transport sector. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Funders: University of Malaya PG010-2012B
Additional Information: Cd7ck Times Cited:0 Cited References Count:70
Uncontrolled Keywords: Climate change policies; Carbon tax; Energy tax; Transport; CGE (Computable General Equilibrium); Rebound effect
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2015 02:57
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2015 02:57

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