Mechanisms of arsenate adsorption by highly-ordered nano-structured silicate media impregnated with metal oxides

Jang, M. and Shin, E.W. and Park, J.K. and Choi, S.I. (2003) Mechanisms of arsenate adsorption by highly-ordered nano-structured silicate media impregnated with metal oxides. Environmental Science and Technology, 37 (21). pp. 5062-5070. ISSN 0013-936X , DOI

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The highly ordered mesoporous silica media, SBA-15, was synthesized and incorporated with iron, aluminum, and zinc oxides using an incipient wetness impregnation technique. Adsorption capacities and kinetics of metal-impregnated SBA-15 were compared with activated alumina which is widely used for arsenic removal. Media impregnated with 10 of aluminum by weight (designated to Al 10SBA-15) had 1.9-2.7 times greater arsenate adsorption capacities in a wide range of initial arsenate concentrations and a 15 times greater initial sorption rate at ph 7.2 than activated alumina. By employing one- and two-site models, surface complexation modeling was conducted to investigate the relationship between the aluminum oxidation states in different media and adsorption behaviors shown by adsorption isotherms and kinetics since the oxidation phase of aluminum incorporated onto the surface of SBA-15 was Al-O, which has a lower oxidation state than activated alumina (Al2O 3). Surface complexation modeling results for arsenate adsorption edges conducted with different pH indicated that the monodentate complex (SAsO42-) was dominant in Al10SBA-15, while bidentate complexes (XHAsO4 and XAsO4-) were dominant in activated alumina at pH 7.2, respectively. In kinetic studies at pH 7.2 ± 0.02, Al10SBA-15 had only a fast-rate step of initial adsorption, while activated alumina had fast- and slow-rate steps of arsenate adsorption. Therefore, it can be inferred that the monodentate arsenate complex, predominant in Al10SBA-15, leads to faster adsorption rates than bidentate arsenate complexes favored with activated alumina. An arsenate adsorption behavior and arsenate surface complexation were thought to be well explained by aluminum oxidation states and surface structural properties of media.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Jang, Min Shin, Eun Woo Park, Jae Kwang Choi, Sang Il eng Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't 2003/11/19 05:00 Environ Sci Technol. 2003 Nov 1;37(21):5062-70.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Activated alumina, Adsorption isotherms, Complexation, Nanostructured materials, Oxidation, Silicates, Structural properties, Arsenate minerals, aluminum, aluminum oxide, arsenic acid, arsenic acid derivative, arsenic derivative, iron, metal oxide, nanoparticle, silicate, silicon dioxide, zinc oxide, adsorption, article, chemical reaction kinetics, chemistry, complex formation, heavy metal removal, isolation and purification, kinetics, methodology, model, nanotechnology, oxidation reduction reaction, pH, surface property, technique, theoretical model, waste water management, water management, water pollutant, Arsenates, Models, Theoretical, Oxidation-Reduction, Water Pollutants, Chemical, Water Purification
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2014 03:59
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2014 03:59

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