Concrete performance using locally produced kaolin

Pan, W.F. and Razak, H.A. (2010) Concrete performance using locally produced kaolin. Proceedings of Institution of Civil Engineers: Construction Materials, 163 (4). pp. 201-209. ISSN 1747-6518, DOI

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This study presents the effect of incorporating local calcined kaolin on the engineering properties and durability of concrete with water/binder ratios in the range of 0·40-0·60. Blended mixtures with cement replacement of 5, 10, 15 and 20 were designed with a target slump of 150±25 mm. From this investigation, it was found that a 10 replacement level was the optimum level in terms of compressive strength. Beyond 10 replacement levels, the strength was decreased but remained higher than the control mixtures with the exception of water/binder ratio of 0·60. With respect to the durability test, the initial surface absorption at 10 min (ISA-10), the sorptivity and the water absorption were enhanced with higher replacement level regardless of water/binder ratio. A linear equation was developed to determine the superplasticiser dosage for a desired workability based on the obtained results. This investigation has shown that the local kaolin has a potential to be incorporated as blended cement as it improves the durability/permeability and compressive strength in comparison with ordinary Portland cement mixtures.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Export Date: 16 December 2013 Source: Scopus Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Pan, W. F.; Department of Civil Engineering, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia References: (2010) ASTM C494/C494M-1O: Standard Specification for Chemical Admixtures for Concrete, , ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials), ASTM, West Conshohocken, USA; Bai, J., Wild, S., Sabir, B.B., Sorptivity and strength of air cured and water cured PC-PFA-MK concrete and the influence of binder composition on carbonation depth (2002) Cement and Concrete Research, 32 (11), pp. 1813-1821; BS5075-1: Concrete admixtures (1982) Specification for Accelerating Admixtures, Retarding Admixtures and Water Reducing Admixtures, , BSI (British Standards Institution), BSI, Milton Keynes, UK; BS1881-102: 1983: Testing concrete (1983) Method for Determination of Slump, , BSI, BSI, Milton Keynes, UK; (1987) Permeability Testing of Site Concrete - a Review of Methods and Experience, p. 95. , Concrete SocietyWorking Party, The Concrete Society Report, London, Technical Report No. 31; Dhir, R.K., Yap, A.W.F., Superplasticized flowing concrete: Durability (1984) Magazine of Concrete Research, 36 (127), pp. 99-111; Dhir, R.K., Hewlett, P.C., Chan, Y.N., Near surface characteristics of concrete assessment and development of in-situ test methods (1987) Magazine of Concrete Research, 39 (141), pp. 1+183-195; Dhir, R.K., Hewlett, P.C., Chan, Y.N., Discussion: Nearsurface characteristics of concrete: Assessment and development of in situ test methods (1988) Magazine of Concrete Research, 26 (13), pp. 234-244; Khatib, J.M., Mangat, P.S., Absorption characteristics of concrete as a function of location relative to casting position (1995) Cement and Concrete Research, 25 (5), pp. 999-1010; Khatib, J.M., Mangat, P.S., Porosity of cement paste cured at 45°C as a function of location relative to casting position (2003) Cement and Concrete Composites, 25 (1), pp. 97-108; Khatib, J.M., Wild, S., Pore size distribution of metakaolin paste (1996) Cement and Concrete Research, 26 (10), pp. 1545-1553; Loh, C.H., Harun, H.C., Clay resources of Malaysia - An overview of Geological Survey Department's findings to date (1996) Proceedings of Dialogue Session: Opportunities in the Clay-based Industries, pp. 9-18. , Geological Survey Department, Malaysia; Malinowski, R., Concrete and mortar in ancient aqueducts (1979) Concrete International, 1 (1), pp. 66-76; Mehta, P.K., Natural pozzolans (1987) Supplementary Cementing Materials, pp. 1-33. , (Malhotra VM (ed.)). CANMET, Ottawa, SP 86-8E; Mielenz, R.C., Mineral admixtures - history and background (1983) Concrete International, 5 (8), pp. 34-42; Nehdi, R.M., Mindness, S., Aitcin, P.C., Rheology of high performance concrete (1998) Cement and Concrete Research, 28 (5), pp. 687-697; Neville, A.M., Concrete with particular properties (1997) Properties of Concrete, Longman, Harlow, Essex, pp. 653-672; Poon, C.S., Lam, L., Kou, S.C., Wong, Y.-L., Wong, R., Rate of pozzolanic reaction ofmetakaolin in high-performance cement pastes (2001) Cement and Concrete Research, 31 (9), pp. 1301-1306; Saad, M.N.A., de Andrade, W.P., Paulton, V.A., Properties of mass concrete containing active pozzolan made from clay (1982) Concrete International, 4 (7), pp. 59-65; UNI8145 FA124-83: Cement mix additives (1983) Superfluidizing Additives. Suitability and Relative Control Methods, , UNI (Ente Nazionale Italiano di Unificazione), UNI, Milan, Italy; Wild, S., Khatib, J.M., Portlandite comsumption of metakaolin cement pastes and mortars (1997) Cement and Concrete Research, 27 (1), pp. 137-146; Wild, S., Khatib, J.M., Jones, A., Relative strength, pozzolanic activity and cement hydration in superplasticised metakaolin concrete (1996) Cement and Concrete Research, 26 (10), pp. 1537-1544; Zain, M.F.M., Safiuddin, M.D., Mahmud, H., Development of high performance concrete using silica fume at relatively high water-binder ratios (2000) Cement and Concrete Research, 30 (9), pp. 1501-1505
Uncontrolled Keywords: Concrete technology & manufacture, Strength and testing of materials, Blended cement, Cement replacement, Concrete performance, Control mixtures, Durability test, Engineering properties, Initial surface absorptions, Ordinary Portland cement, Replacement level, Sorptivity, Superplasticisers, Water/binder ratios, Calcination, Durability, Kaolin, Materials testing, Mixtures, Portland cement, Water absorption, Compressive strength
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2014 14:42
Last Modified: 31 Dec 2014 05:52

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