Preparation and characterization of activated carbon from palm shell by chemical activation with K2CO3

Adinata, D. and Daud, Wan Mohd Ashri Wan and Aroua, M.K. (2007) Preparation and characterization of activated carbon from palm shell by chemical activation with K2CO3. Bioresource Technology, 98 (1). pp. 145-149. ISSN 0960-8524, DOI

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Palm shell was used to prepare activated carbon using potassium carbonate (K2CO3) as activating agent. The influence of carbonization temperatures (600-1000 °C) and impregnation ratios (0.5-2.0) of the prepared activated carbon on the pore development and yield were investigated. Results showed that in all cases, increasing the carbonization temperature and impregnation ratio, the yield decreased, while the adsorption of CO2 increased, progressively. Specific surface area of activated carbon was maximum about 1170 m2/g at 800 °C with activation duration of 2 h and at an impregnation ratio of 1.0.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By (since 1996):87 Export Date: 21 April 2013 Source: Scopus CODEN: BIRTE :doi 10.1016/j.biortech.2005.11.006 PubMed ID: 16380249 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Wan Daud, W.M.A.; Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; email: : Chemicals/CASactivated carbon, 64365-11-3, 82228-96-4; carbon dioxide, 124-38-9, 58561-67-4; potassium carbonate, 584-08-7; Carbon, 7440-44-0; Carbon Dioxide, 124-38-9; Carbonates; Potassium, 7440-09-7; potassium carbonate, 584-08-7 References: Abe, I., Tatsumoto, H., Ikuta, N., Kawafune, I., Preparation of activated carbon from pisthachio nut shell (1990) Chem. Exp., 5, pp. 177-180; Evans, M.J.B., Halliop, E., MacDonald, J.A.F., The production of chemically-activated carbon (1999) Carbon, 37, pp. 269-274; Gomez-Serrano, V., Cuerda-Correa, E.M., Fernandez-Gonzalez, M.C., Alexandre-Franco, M.F., Macias-Garcia, Preparation of activated carbons from chestnut wood by phosphoric acid-chemical activation. Study of microporosity and fractal dimension (2005) Mater. Lett., 59, pp. 846-853; Guo, J., Lua, A.C., Characterization of adsorbent prepared from oil palm shell by CO2 activation for removal of gaseous pollutants (2000) Mater. Lett., 55, pp. 334-339; Guo, J., Lua, A.C., Textural and chemical characterization of adsorbent prepared from palm shell by potassium hydroxide impregnation at different stages (2002) J. Colloid Interface Sci., 254, pp. 227-233; Guo, J., Lua, A.C., Textural and chemical properties of adsorbent prepared from palm shell by phosphoric acid activation (2003) Mater. Chem. Phys., 80, pp. 114-119; Hayashi, J., Kazehaya, A., Muroyama, K., Watkinson, A.P., Preparation of activated carbon from lignin by chemical activation (2000) Carbon, 32, pp. 1873-1878; Hayashi, J., Horikawa, T., Muroyama, K., Gomes, V.G., Activated carbon from chickpea husk by chemical activation with K2CO3: preparation and characterization (2002) Micropor. Mesopor. Mater., 55, pp. 63-68; Hayashi, J., Horikawa, T., Takeda, I., Muroyama, K., Ani, F.N., Preparing activated carbon from various nutshells by chemical activation with K2CO3 (2002) Carbon, 40, pp. 2381-2386; Ismadji, S., Bhatia, S.K., Investigation of network connectivity in activated carbons by liquid phase adsorption (2000) Langmuir, 16, pp. 9303-9313; Ismadji, S., Bhatia, S.K., A modified pore filling isotherm for liquid phase adsorption in activated carbon (2001) Langmuir, 17, pp. 1488-1498; Khan, A., Singh, H., Bhatia, A.K., Activated carbon from walnut shells (1985) Res. Ind., 30, pp. 13-16; Kirubakaran, C.J., Krishnaiah, Seshadri, S.K., Experimental study of the production of activated carbon from coconut shells in fluidized bed reactor (1991) Ind. Eng. Chem. Res, 27, pp. 2411-2416; Lillo-Rodenas, M.A., Juan-Juan, J., Cazorla-Amoros, D., Linares-Solano, A., About reactions occurring during chemical activation with hydroxides (2004) Carbon, 42, pp. 1371-1375; Lua, A.C., Yang, T., Effect of activation temperature on the textural and chemical properties of potassium hydroxide activated carbon prepared from pistachio-nut shell (2004) J. Colloid Interface Sci., 274, pp. 594-601; Maniatis, K., Nurmala, M., Activated carbon production from biomass (1992) Biomass Energy Ind. Environ., 274, pp. 1034-1308; McKee, D.W., Mechanisms of the alkali metal catalyzed gasification of carbon (1983) Fuel, 62, pp. 170-175; Okada, K., Yamamoto, N., Kameshima, Y., Yasumori, A., Porous properties of activated carbons from waste newspaper prepared by chemical and physical activation (2003) J. Colloid Interface Sci., 262, pp. 179-193; Raymundo-Pinero, E., Azais, P., Cacciaguerra, T., Cazorla-Amoros, D., Linares-Solano, A., Beguin, F., KOH and NaOH activation mechanisms of multiwalled carbon nanotubes with different structural organization (2005) Carbon, 43, pp. 786-795; Wan Daud, W.M.A., Wan Ali, W.S., Comparison on pore development of activated carbon produced from palm shell and coconut shell (2004) Bioresour. Technol., 93, pp. 63-69; Xiongzun, Z., Famnao, Z., Lie, L., Qingrong, L., A new technique to produce activated carbon (from saw dust of any humidity) by zinc chloride method (1986) J. Nanjing Inst. Forest., 1, pp. 19-30
Uncontrolled Keywords: Activated carbon; Chemical activation; Palm shell; Pore development; Impregnation ratio; Adsorption; Carbonization; Potassium compounds; carbon dioxide; potassium carbonate; carbon; carbonate group; porosity; article; priority journal; temperature measurement; Arecaceae; Carbonates; Potassium.
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2013 06:49
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2019 07:22

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