Dynamics and control of a biodiesel transesterification reactor

Mjalli, F.S. and San, L.K. and Yin, K.C. and Hussain, Mohd Azlan (2009) Dynamics and control of a biodiesel transesterification reactor. Chemical Engineering & Technology, 32 (1). pp. 13-26. ISSN 0930-7516, DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/ceat.200800243.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1002/ceat.200800243


Biodiesel transesterification reactors resemble the heart of any biodiesel manufacturing plant. These reactors involve a highly complex set of chemical reactions and heat transfer characteristics. The high nonlinearity inherent in the dynamics of these reactors requires an efficient process control algorithm to handle the variation of operational process parameters and the effect of process disturbances efficiently. In this work, a multi-model adaptive control strategy is considered for achieving the goal mentioned above. In order to implement the adaptive controller, a rigorous mechanistic model of the biodiesel transesterification reactor was developed and validated with published experimental results. The validated model was analyzed for stability and nonlinearity. The analysis revealed that the system is stable. However, its high nonlinearity necessitates an advanced control strategy to be considered. The input-output relationship between the effective process variables was studied and the control system synthesis revealed a two-by-two control system. Two adaptive control loops were then designed and tuned to optimize the performance of the controller. Finally, a comparison with conventional controllers revealed the superiority of the new control system in terms of set-point tracking and disturbance rejection. The results of this work prove that an adequately designed adaptive control system can be used to improve the performance of the transesterification reactor.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: 400OZ Times Cited:7 Cited References Count:22
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adaptive controller; Biodiesel; Kinetics of transesterification; Multi-model; Transesterification reactor; Adaptive control systems; Control system analysis; Control system synthesis; Controllers; Disturbance rejection; Dynamics; Esterification; Grafting (chemical); Synthesis (chemical); Transesterification; Adaptive controls; Advanced control strategies; Control algorithms; Conventional controllers; Dynamics and controls, Efficient process; Heat transfer characteristics; High nonlinearities; Input outputs; Manufacturing plants; Mechanistic models; Multi-model adaptive controls; Non linearities; Operational process; Process disturbances;Process variables; Set-point tracking; Process control.
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 10 Jul 2013 02:39
Last Modified: 04 Nov 2019 06:38
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/7032

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