Application of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) for nanofluids

Kamyar, A. and Saidur, Rahman and Hasanuzzaman, M. (2012) Application of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) for nanofluids. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 55 (15-16). pp. 4104-4115. ISSN 0017-9310, DOI

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Evaluating the heat transfer enhancement due to the use of nanofluids has recently become the center of interest for many researchers. This newly introduced category of cooling fluids containing ultrafine nano-particles (1-100 nm) has displayed fascinating behavior during experiments including increased thermal conductivity and augmented heat transfer coefficient compared to a pure fluid. This article reviews and summarizes the numerical studies performed in this area including conventional numerical methods as well as the new Lattice Boltzmann Method (LBM). Most of these computational simulations are in acceptable concordance with the results from experiments. However, there are some challenges to encounter when dealing with nanofluids. Changes might be necessary to mathematical models before simulation such as using two-phase models instead of single-phase models for nanofluids.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: 960DF Times Cited:0 Cited References Count:117
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nanofluid; numerical study; heat transfer enhancement; lattice boltzmann; convective heat-transfer; laminar mixed convection; thermal-conductivity enhancement; lattice boltzmann method; natural-convection; forced-convection; nano-fluids; al2o3-water nanofluid; oxide nanoparticles; variable properties
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2013 04:06
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2021 07:03

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