Associated factors of medical waste management practices in developing countries: A review

Baaki, Timothy Kurannen and Baharum, Mohamad Rizal and Pitt, Michael and Davies, Samantha (2022) Associated factors of medical waste management practices in developing countries: A review. International Journal of Environment and Waste Management, 30 (1). pp. 104-124. ISSN 1478-9876, DOI

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The heterogeneous composition of medical waste (MW) has continuously posed challenges with its management, with efforts concentrating primarily on treatment and disposal solutions. This has left a legacy of issues, especially in developing nations. The aim of this study was to examine the associated factors of medical waste management (MWM) practices in healthcare facilities in developing nations. Through a literature review of existing studies on (MW) definitions, and factors associated with its management, from regulation and policy formulation to disposal, the study identified factors such as poor regulatory frameworks, poor training, poor financing, poor infrastructure and low technological advancement, and influence of social factors, e.g., cultural norms as key issues. This paper has viewed the challenges of MWM in developing countries to be more of a management issue than a technological issue and has identified routine management approaches within an integrated sustainable MWM framework to drive improvements in MWM programmes. Copyright © 2022 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Funders: None
Uncontrolled Keywords: Health care; Waste disposal; Waste treatment; Developing nations; HCF; Healthcare facility; Heterogeneous composition; Literature reviews; Medical waste management; Medical wastes; Sustainable medical waste management; Treatment and disposal; Waste management practices; Developing countries
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of the Built Environment
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 24 Nov 2023 07:57
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2023 07:57

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