TiO 2/Al 2O 3 membrane reactor equipped with a methanol recovery unit to produce palm oil biodiesel

Baroutian, S. and Aroua, M.K. and Abdul Raman, Abdul Aziz and Sulaiman, N.M.N. (2012) TiO 2/Al 2O 3 membrane reactor equipped with a methanol recovery unit to produce palm oil biodiesel. International Journal of Energy Research, 36 (1). pp. 120-129. ISSN 0363-907X,

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In this study, the central composite design of the response surface methodology was employed to investigate the effects of reaction temperature, catalyst concentration and cross flow circulation velocity on the production of biodiesel in a TiO 2/Al 2O 3 membrane reactor. High-quality palm oil biodiesel was produced by combination of alkali transesterification and separation processes in the ceramic membrane reactor. The optimum conditions for the conversion of palm oil to biodiesel in the ceramic membrane reactor were as follows: 70°C reaction temperature, 1.12wt catalyst concentration and 0.211cms - 1 cross flow circulation velocity. The physical and chemical properties of the produced biodiesel were determined and compared with the standard specifications. © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By (since 1996): 1 Export Date: 4 November 2012 Source: Scopus CODEN: IJERD Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Aroua, M.K.; Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; email: mk-aroua@um.edu.my References: Meher, L.C., Vidya Sagar, D., Naik, S.N., Technical aspects of biodiesel production by transesterification-a review (2006) Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 10, pp. 248-268; Gravalos, I., Gialamas, T., Koutsofitis, Z., Kateris, D., Xyradakis, P., Tsiropoulos, Z., Lianos, G., Comparison of performance characteristics of agricultural tractor diesel engine operating on home and industrially produced biodiesel (2009) International Journal of Energy Research, 33, pp. 1048-1058; Barnwal, B.K., Sharma, M.P., Prospects of biodiesel production from vegetable oils in (2005) India, 9, pp. 363-378. , Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews; (2008), pp. 15-68. , Oil World-Statistics Update. ISTA Mielke GmbH, Hamburg(2007), Malaysian Oil Palm Statistics, Malaysian Palm Oil Board MPOBUcar, S., Karagöz, S., Ozkan, A.R., Lewis acid catalyzed diesel-like fuel production from raw corn oil (2008) International Journal of Energy Research, 33, pp. 327-332; Noureddini, H., Zhu, D., Kinetics of transesterification of soybean oil (1997) Journal of the American Oil Chemists Society, 74, pp. 1457-1463; Cao, P., Dubé, M.A., Tremblay, A.Y., High-purity fatty acid methyl ester production from canola, soybean, palm, and yellow grease lipids by means of a membrane reactor (2008) Biomass and Bioenergy, 32, pp. 1028-1036; Dubé, M.A., Tremblay, A.Y., Liu, J., Biodiesel production using a membrane reactor (2007) Bioresource Technology, 98, pp. 639-647; Anderson, M.J., Trimming the FAT out of experimental methods (2005) Optical Engineering Magazine, pp. 25-29; Anderson, M.J., Whitecomb, P.J., (2007) DOE Simplified-Practical Tools for Effective Experimentation, , Productivity Press: New York, NY; (2003), ASTM D6584-07. Test method for determination of free and total glycerine in B-100 biodiesel methyl esters by gas chromatography, ASTM International, 100 Bar Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA, U.S.A(2003), EN14105. Fat and oil derivatives-fatty acid methyl esters (FAME)-determination of free and total glycerol and mono-, di- and triglyceride content, European Committee for Standardization: Management Centre, rue de Stassart 36, B-1050 BrusselsMcCurry, J.D., Wang, C.X., (2007), Analysis of glycerin and glycerides in biodiesel (B100) using ASTM D6584 and EN14105. Agilent Application Note Publication 5898-7269ENVicente, G., Martínez, M., Aracil, J., Optimization of integrated biodiesel production, part I. A study of the biodiesel purity and yields (2007) Bioresource Technology, 98, pp. 1724-1733; Zabeti, M., Wan Daud, W.M.A., Aroua, M.K., Biodiesel production using alumina-supported calcium oxide: an optimization study (2010) Fuel Processing Technology, 91, pp. 243-248; Alamu, O.J., Waheed, M.A., Jekayinfa, S.O., Biodiesel production from Nigerian palm kernel oil: effect of KOH concentration on yield (2007) Energy for Sustainable Development, 11, pp. 77-82; (2006), 1-5. , ASTM D445-06. Standard test method for kinematic viscosity of transparent and opaque liquids (and calculation of dynamic viscosity). ASTM International(1996), 2-5. , ASTM D4052-96. Standard test method for density and relative density of liquids by digital density meter. ASTM International(2007), 1-5. , ASTM D93-07. Standard test methods for flash point by Pensky-Martens closed cup tester. ASTM International(1995), 1-5. , ASTM D2500-91. Standard test method for cloud point of petroleum products. ASTM International(1995), 1-5. , ASTM D97-93. Standard test method for pour point of petroleum products. ASTM International(2006), 1-5. , ASTM D664-06ae1. Standard test method for acid number of petroleum products by potentiometric titration. ASTM International(2002), 1-5. , ASTM D5768-02. Standard test method for determination of iodine value of tall oil fatty acids. ASTM InternationalSarojam, P., (2009), Quality control of biofuels using an inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrophotometer (ICP-OES) for metals determination. PerkinElmer Application Note 008435B-01Vincente, G., Coteron, A., Martinez, M., Aracil, J., Application of the factorial design of experiments and response surface methodology to optimize biodiesel production (1998) Industrial Crops and Products, 8, pp. 29-35; Vaughn, N.A., (2007), Design-Expert Software, Version 7.1, Stat-Ease, Inc., Minneapolis, MN, U.S.AUR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84855211452&partnerID=40&md5=0917cfe71ff692cea1d1333715c77374
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biodiesel Methyl esters Optimization Catalyst concentration Central composite designs Ceramic membrane reactors Cross flows High quality Membrane reactor Optimum conditions Palm oil Physical and chemical properties Reaction temperature Response Surface Methodology Separation process TiO Bioreactors Catalysts Ceramic materials Ceramic membranes Chemical properties Methanol Titanium dioxide Vegetable oils
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammed Salim Abd Rahman
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2013 02:49
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2020 03:44
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/4384

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