Effects of electrode materials on solution-processed polyvinylidene fluoride-based piezoelectric nanogenerators: Do they matter?

Ng, Yi Sheng and Yau, Zhi Yong and Ooi, Poh Choon and Auliya, Rahmat Zaki and Kurian, Thiresamary and Xie, Mengying and Tan, Sin Tee and Wong, Yew Hoong and Haniff, Muhammad Aniq Shazni Mohammad and Gan, Wee Chen and Tan, Chun Hui and Al-Bati, Sameer and Ibtehaj, Khatatbeh and Hamzah, Azrul Azlan and Dee, Chang Fu (2022) Effects of electrode materials on solution-processed polyvinylidene fluoride-based piezoelectric nanogenerators: Do they matter? Solid-State Electronics, 190. DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sse.2022.108252.

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Numbers of energy harvesting studies have reported that using the appropriate electrode materials could enhance the electrical output performance of the energy harvesters. In this work, we fabricated polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF)-based piezoelectric nanogenerators (PENGs) using the solution-process method. Different combinations of silver nanowires, indium-tin-oxide (ITO), and poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) polystyrene sulfonate were used as top and bottom electrodes to investigate the effect of electrode materials on the electrical output performance. The open-circuit voltage (V-OC), short-circuit current (I-SC), the charge generated, instantaneous areal power measured, and internal impedance were measured. The obtained data reveal no significant difference between the different electrode combinations, with a mean absolute deviation of 0.21 V, and 0.03 mu A for V-OC and I-SC, respectively. Thereby, an equivalent circuit for a real capacitor is adopted to analyze further and identify the impedance manifestation attributed to the PVDF layer and electrode materials. Overall, the electrode materials have an insignificant impact on the electrical output performance of PVDF-based PENGs in this study. Nevertheless, the obtained data inciting that tuning the PVDF impedance by introducing the 2D MXene nanofillers approach could be useful information to improve the performance of solution-processed PVDF-based PENGs.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Geran Galakan Penyelidik Muda (GGPM) from Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia [Grant No: GGPM-2019-032], Universiti Putra Malaysia [Grant No: GP-IPM/2019/8673800], Southeast Asia -Taiwan Universities (SATU) Joint Research Scheme [Grant No: ST016-2020], National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) [Grant No: 62001325]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Piezoelectric nanogenerator; Electrodes; beta-phase; Polyvinylidene fluoride; Solution-processed
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering > Department of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2023 06:32
Last Modified: 04 Oct 2023 06:32
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/43019

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