Dual-layer hollow fibre haemodialysis membrane for effective uremic toxins removal with minimal blood-bacteria contamination

Mansur, Sumarni and Othman, Mohd Hafiz Dzarfan and Zainol Abidin, Muhammad Nidzhom Zainol and Nik Malek, Nik Ahmad Nizam and Ismail, Ahmad Fauzi and Abdul Kadir, Siti Hamimah Sheikh and Goh, Pei Sean and Abdullah, Mohd Sohaimi and Asraf, Muhammad Hariz (2022) Dual-layer hollow fibre haemodialysis membrane for effective uremic toxins removal with minimal blood-bacteria contamination. Alexandria Engineering Journal, 61 (12). pp. 10139-10152. ISSN 1110-0168, DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aej.2022.03.043.

Full text not available from this repository.


Bacterial endotoxin contamination in dialysate may pass through haemodialysis mem-brane and cause a silent chronic microinflammation to kidney patients. Dual-layer hollow fibre (DLHF) membranes with dual function, biocompatible adsorptive and antibacterial effects were developed to solve the problem of incompatible membrane and endotoxin contamination. All mem-branes were fabricated via the co-extrusion dry-wet phase inversion technique. In this study, silica/ a-mangostin nanoparticle was incorporated into the inner layer of membrane to enhance the bio-compatibility of the membrane while maintaining its adsorption capacity. Activated carbon (AC) was incorporated in the outer layer of membrane for improved antibacterial property. The DLHF membranes were characterised based on its morphology and surface hydrophilicity. The perfor-mance of the DLHF membranes was evaluated in terms of permeability, urea, and creatinine removal capabilities, bovine serum albumin (BSA) rejection and antibacterial properties. The dense and small pore size on the outer layer of AC created a smoother surface for the DLHF membrane. The BSA rejection of the DLHF membranes was enhanced by 6-8% compared to that of unmod-ified single layer hollow fibre membrane. Silica/a-mangostin nanoparticle in the inner layer of mem-brane enhanced the removal of urea and creatinine by chemisorption. Result also showed that the incorporation of AC in the outer layer of DLHF membrane successfully filtered bacteria by bacteria entrapment. DLHF membrane with the combination of silica/a-mangostin nanoparticle in the inner layer and AC in the outer layer possessed the higher bacteria inhibition into blood compartment against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus, with removal rate of 68% and 75%, respec-tively, and better urea and creatinine removal by 60.57% and 75.18%, respectively, compared to single-layer PSf based membrane. The development of co-adsorptive biocompatible DLHF mem-brane can play an important role in improvement of kidney patient life.(c) 2022 THE AUTHORS. Published by Elsevier BV on behalf of Faculty of Engineering, Alexandria University This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/ licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

Item Type: Article
Funders: Ministry of Education, Malaysia [Grant No:R.J130000.7809.4L704], Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM) [Grant No:Q.J130000.2409.01G46], Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM) [Grant No:Q. J130000.3609.03M17]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dual-layer hollow fibre membrane; Haemodialysis; Antibacterial; Urea and creatinine clearance
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2023 03:43
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2023 03:43
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/42314

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item