Green revolution to gene revolution: Technological advances in agriculture to feed the world

Hamdan, Mohd Fadhli and Mohd Noor, Siti Nurfadhlina and Abd-Aziz, Nazrin and Pua, Teen-Lee and Tan, Boon Chin (2022) Green revolution to gene revolution: Technological advances in agriculture to feed the world. Plants-Basel, 11 (10). ISSN 2223-7747, DOI

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Technological applications in agriculture have evolved substantially to increase crop yields and quality to meet global food demand. Conventional techniques, such as seed saving, selective breeding, and mutation breeding (variation breeding), have dramatically increased crop production, especially during the `Green Revolution' in the 1990s. However, newer issues, such as limited arable lands, climate change, and ever-increasing food demand, pose challenges to agricultural production and threaten food security. In the following `Gene Revolution' era, rapid innovations in the biotechnology field provide alternative strategies to further improve crop yield, quality, and resilience towards biotic and abiotic stresses. These innovations include the introduction of DNA recombinant technology and applications of genome editing techniques, such as transcription activator-like effector (TALEN), zinc-finger nucleases (ZFN), and clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats/CRISPR associated (CRISPR/Cas) systems. However, the acceptance and future of these modern tools rely on the regulatory frameworks governing their development and production in various countries. Herein, we examine the evolution of technological applications in agriculture, focusing on the motivations for their introduction, technical challenges, possible benefits and concerns, and regulatory frameworks governing genetically engineered product development and production.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Fundamental Research GrantScheme from the Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia [Grant No: FRGS/1/2018/STG03/UM/02/2], Royal Society [Grant No: NA170200 & IF004-2018], Universiti Malaya [Grant No: ST003-2021 & RU004A-2020]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biotechnology; Breeding; Crop improvement; Genetically modified crops; Genome editing
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions: Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research & Innovation) Office > Centre for Research in Biotechnology for Agriculture
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2023 07:43
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2023 07:43

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