Valorization of diverse sizes of coal bottom ash as fine aggregate in the performance of lightweight foamed concrete

Haddadian, Arian and Alengaram, Ubagaram Johnson and Alnahhal, Ahmed Mahmoud and Salari, Farhang and Srinivas, M. Karthick and Mo, Kim Hung and Yusoff, Sumiani and Ibrahim, Muhammad Shazril Idris (2022) Valorization of diverse sizes of coal bottom ash as fine aggregate in the performance of lightweight foamed concrete. Journal of Civil Engineering and Management, 28 (8). pp. 601-619. ISSN 1392-3730, DOI

Full text not available from this repository.


In recent years, research work on the use of coal bottom ash (CBA) as a partial alternative for aggregate in concrete is on the rise. This research is aimed at examining the characteristics of lightweight foamed concrete with CBA as fine aggregate to produce environmentally sustainable product. With the volume replacement technique, CBA was used as 25%, 50%, 75%, and 100% replacement for conventional mining sand with different sieve sizes of smaller than 4.75, 2.36, and 0.6 mm in concrete. Water absorption, porosity as well as mechanical characteristics tests, including compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, and modulus of elasticity (MOE) were conducted and analyzed. X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy microstructural investigations were also performed to correlate test results. The quality of concrete was investigated using a non-destructive ultrasonic pulse velocity test. According to the findings, the highest replacement level of CBA with a sieve size smaller than 0.6 mm had an impact in reducing workability. The effect of CBA particles on water absorption, MOE, compressive strength, and tensile strength depends on the size of the fine aggregate, the replacement ratio and the density. In general, substituting mining sand with CBA aggregate improved the mechanical performance of concrete, notably for the aggregate size of less than 0.6 mm. Moreover, the SEM images indicate that the addition of CBA particles decreased the size and quantity of voids in the foamed concrete.

Item Type: Article
Funders: University of Malaya through University of Malaya's Impact Oriented Interdisciplinary Research Grant [IIRG016C-2019]
Uncontrolled Keywords: lightweight foamed concrete; Compressive strength; Splitting tensile strength; Modulus of elasticity; Microstruc; Ture; Mining sand; Coal bottom ash
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2023 06:52
Last Modified: 29 Aug 2023 06:52

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item