Energy analysis, building energy index and energy management strategies for fast-food restaurants in Malaysia

Gunasegaran, Muthu Kumaran and Hasanuzzaman, Md. and Tan, ChiaKwang and Abu Bakar, Ab Halim and Ponniah, Vignes (2022) Energy analysis, building energy index and energy management strategies for fast-food restaurants in Malaysia. Sustainability, 14 (20). ISSN 2071-1050, DOI

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Commercial buildings in Malaysia contribute to 35% of the total electricity demand. During the recent COVID-19 pandemic, the global economy faced a challenging situation that forced many businesses to shut down. However, fast-food restaurants with drive-through features managed to get through this pandemic phase without much effect from the economic impact. Since COVID-19, the operational guidelines have changed for restaurants. However, from an energy perspective, fast-food restaurants are high energy consumers in the retail sector. This paper analyses the load profile of fast-food restaurants and the potential strategies that can be adopted in a free-standing fast-food restaurant. From analysis, it is calculated that a total of RM 97,365.9 of utility savings can be obtained in a year. A total of 91,392.1 kg CO2, 881.8 kg SO2 and 385.5 kg CO pollutant emissions can be reduced. The BEI for the restaurant was reduced to 856.4 kWh/m(2)/year. By converting to energy-saving strategies, the return on investment was 27.3% and 3.7 years, which is a very short period of time and is attractive for businesses of this nature.

Item Type: Article
Funders: University of Malaya and Gerbang Alaf Restaurants Sdn
Uncontrolled Keywords: Building energy index; Energy audit; Greenhouse gas emission; Cost assessment; Building energy consumption
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Divisions: Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research & Innovation) Office > UM Power Energy Dedicated Advanced Centre
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2023 07:34
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2023 07:34

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