Computational study of heat transfer enhancement using porous foams with phase change materials: A comparative review

Hamidi, E. and Ganesan, Poo Balan and Sharma, R. K. and Yong, K. W. (2023) Computational study of heat transfer enhancement using porous foams with phase change materials: A comparative review. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, 176. ISSN 1364-0321, DOI

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Phase change materials (PCMs) in thermal energy storage can improve energy efficiency and sustainability, which notably makes them a potential solution to the problems of energy and the environment. Numerical simulations, along with experimental research, contribute significantly to the development of PCM applications. Among many different methods used to improve the thermal conductivity of PCMs, the inclusion of metal foams with high thermal conductivity and a solid structure is largely preferred. The purpose of this review is the investigation of the challenges and the recent developments in computational methods for simulating the heat transfer in latent heat thermal energy storage systems that use metal foams to enhance the thermal conductivity of PCMs. Computational strategies including different software, geometry implementation methods, dimensions and scales of models, boundary conditions, porosity and pore density of foam samples as well as their materials are reviewed, evaluated and compared with applications of metal foams in heat exchangers. This review dem-onstrates that even though the Lattice Boltzmann method accounts for 30% of the numerical studies in this area-which can be due to the need for more costly equipment and the lack of reliable commercial software-it yields more accurate predictions since in this method the complex geometry of foams can be implemented with much greater accuracy.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Universiti Malaya Impact-oriented Inter-disciplinary Research Grant (IIRG005A-2020IISS), Universiti Malaya Research Grant Programme (RP031C-15AFR)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Latent heat storage; Phase change material; Thermal performance enhancement; Metal foam; Numerical simulation
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering > Department of Mechanical Engineering
Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research & Innovation) Office > Centre for Research in Biotechnology for Agriculture
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 26 Jun 2023 06:38
Last Modified: 26 Jun 2023 06:38

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