New trends and future directions in load frequency control and flexible power system: A comprehensive review

Khan, Irfan Ahmed and Mokhlis, Hazlie and Mansor, Nurulafiqah Nadzirah and Illias, Hazlee Azil and Awalin, Lilik Jamilatul and Wang, Li (2023) New trends and future directions in load frequency control and flexible power system: A comprehensive review. Alexandria Engineering Journal, 71. pp. 263-308. ISSN 1110-0168, DOI

Full text not available from this repository.


In recent years, the conventional power system is becoming a hybrid power system with increments in the interconnection of Renewable Energy (RE) sources, High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC), and Energy Storage (ES). At the same time, the power system network is also becoming more flexible in managing demand and supply variability. These factors posed a challenge in achiev-ing frequency stability when there are abrupt changes in the power system such as load increment/ decrement, loss of generators, and faults. Due to this, load frequency control (LFC) has shifted from traditional controllers to hybrid controllers and from traditional optimization methods to hybrid metaheuristic optimization to achieve better stability in hybrid power systems. This paper provides a comprehensive review of load frequency control (LFC) and power system flexibility. Other frequency stability mechanisms that support further LFC i.e. application of frequency nadir and rate of change of frequency (RoCoF), control in wind turbines, and demand response are also presented. This review also highlights the research gaps and potential future research direction of LFC for multi-area hybrid power systems.(c) 2023 THE AUTHORS. Published by Elsevier BV on behalf of Faculty of Engineering, Alexandria University. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license ( licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

Item Type: Article
Funders: Universiti Malaya under International Collaboration Grant [ST027-2022], Impact-Oriented Interdisciplinary Research Grant [IIRG001A-2020IISS]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hybrid power system; Flexible power system; Load frequency control; Renewable energy; Energy storage
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering > Department of Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2024 02:24
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2024 02:24

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item