The effects of rock index tests on prediction of tensile strength of granitic samples: A neuro-fuzzy intelligent system

Li, Yan and Hishamuddin, Fathin Nur Syakirah and Mohammed, Ahmed Salih and Armaghani, Danial Jahed and Ulrikh, Dmitrii Vladimirovich and Dehghanbanadaki, Ali and Azizi, Aydin (2021) The effects of rock index tests on prediction of tensile strength of granitic samples: A neuro-fuzzy intelligent system. Sustainability, 13 (19). ISSN 2071-1050, DOI

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Rock tensile strength (TS) is an essential parameter for designing structures in rock-based projects such as tunnels, dams, and foundations. During the preliminary phase of geotechnical projects, rock TS can be determined through laboratory works, i.e., Brazilian tensile strength (BTS) test. However, this approach is often restricted by laborious and costly procedures. Hence, this study attempts to estimate the BTS values of rock by employing three non-destructive rock index tests. BTS predictive models were developed using 127 granitic rock samples. Since the simple regression analysis did not yield a meaningful result, the development of models that integrate multiple input parameters were considered to improve the prediction accuracy. The effects of non-destructive rock index tests were examined through the use of multiple linear regression (MLR) and adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) approaches. Different strategies and scenarios were implemented during modelling of MLR and ANFIS approaches, where the focus was to consider the most important parameters of these techniques. As a result, and according to background and behaviour of the ANFIS (or neuro-fuzzy) model, the predicted values obtained by this intelligent methodology are closer to the actual BTS compared to MLR which works based on linear statistical rules. For instance, in terms of system error and a-20 index, values of (0.84 and 1.20) and (0.96 and 0.80) were obtained for evaluation parts of ANFIS and MLR techniques, which revealed that the ANFIS model outperforms the MLR in forecasting BTS values. In addition, the same results were obtained through ranking systems by the authors. The neuro-fuzzy developed in this study is a strong technique in terms of prediction capacity and it can be used in the other rock-based projects for solving relevant problems.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Act 211 Government of the Russian Federation[02 ], Act 211 Government of the Russian Federation[A03.21.0011]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Rock strength;Tensile behaviour;Neuro-fuzzy;Regression;Non-destructive tests
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 27 Oct 2022 04:05
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2022 04:05

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