The effect of Cu/In molar ratio on the analysis and characterization of CuInS2 nanostructures

Alalousi, Mazin A. and Abu Odeh, Ali and Ibraheam, A. S. and Al-Douri, Y. (2021) The effect of Cu/In molar ratio on the analysis and characterization of CuInS2 nanostructures. Emergent Materials, 4 (2, SI). pp. 413-422. ISSN 2522-5731, DOI

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Copper indium sulfide (CuInS2) nanostructures have been successfully deposited on silicon substrates using the electrospinning method. As a result, different copper to indium (Cu/In) molar ratios have been used: 0.1, 0.5, 0.8, 1.2, and 1.4 at annealing temperature 300 degrees C. The optical properties have been measured using photoluminescence spectroscopy (PL), which indicated a decrease in the optical band gap from 1.6 to 1.53 eV with increasing Cu/In molar ratio. The structural properties have been deduced using X-ray diffraction (XRD), which improved the crystallinity size and quality by increasing the Cu/In molar ratio. The c/a ratio at different Cu/In molar ratios ranges from 2.004 to 2.037 due to the zinc blende structure, and the crystallite size was varied from 22.53 to 56.33 nm. The average grain size was approximately 39 nm, and the lattice parameters vary from 5.53 to 5.5 angstrom and from 11.09 to 11.2 angstrom for a and c, respectively. The compositional properties are studied using energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), which showed that the samples are almost stoichiometric with S-deficient and Cu-rich composition. The best-formed structure's value was at molar ratio 1.4, where the real phase is 60.5%, and the secondary phase is 39.5% due to the increase in grain size, and that in turn occurred due to the decrease in the energy band gap. The morphological properties have been depicted using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM). FESEM images indicated a change in the grain particles' homogeneity and agglomeration due to changing the Cu/In molar ratio. According to the available literature, the obtained results promise to use CuInS2 as absorber material in photovoltaic devices' nanostructure.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: CuInS2; Chalcopyrite; Electrospinning; Molar ratio
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Nanotechnology & Catalysis Research Centre
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 02 Sep 2022 00:12
Last Modified: 02 Sep 2022 00:12

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