Optimization of thermal and structural design in lithium-ion batteries to obtain energy efficient battery Thermal Management System (BTMS): A critical review

Fayaz, H. and Afzal, Asif and Samee, A. D. Mohammed and Soudagar, Manzoore Elahi M. and Akram, Naveed and Mujtaba, M. A. and Jilte, R. D. and Islam, Md. Tariqul and Agbulut, Umit and Saleel, C. Ahamed (2022) Optimization of thermal and structural design in lithium-ion batteries to obtain energy efficient battery Thermal Management System (BTMS): A critical review. Archives Of Computational Methods In Engineering, 29 (1). pp. 129-194. ISSN 1134-3060, DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s11831-021-09571-0.

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Covid-19 has given one positive perspective to look at our planet earth in terms of reducing the air and noise pollution thus improving the environmental conditions globally. This positive outcome of pandemic has given the indication that the future of energy belong to green energy and one of the emerging source of green energy is Lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). LIBs are the backbone of the electric vehicles but there are some major issues faced by the them like poor thermal performance, thermal runaway, fire hazards and faster rate of discharge under low and high temperature environment,. Therefore to overcome these problems most of the researchers have come up with new methods of controlling and maintaining the overall thermal performance of the LIBs. The present review paper mainly is focused on optimization of thermal and structural design parameters of the LIBs under different BTMSs. The optimized BTMS generally demonstrated in this paper are maximum temperature of battery cell, battery pack or battery module, temperature uniformity, maximum or average temperature difference, inlet temperature of coolant, flow velocity, and pressure drop. Whereas the major structural design optimization parameters highlighted in this paper are type of flow channel, number of channels, length of channel, diameter of channel, cell to cell spacing, inlet and outlet plenum angle and arrangement of channels. These optimized parameters investigated under different BTMS heads such as air, PCM (phase change material), mini-channel, heat pipe, and water cooling are reported profoundly in this review article. The data are categorized and the results of the recent studies are summarized for each method. Critical review on use of various optimization algorithms (like ant colony, genetic, particle swarm, response surface, NSGA-II, etc.) for design parameter optimization are presented and categorized for different BTMS to boost their objectives. The single objective optimization techniques helps in obtaining the optimal value of important design parameters related to the thermal performance of battery cooling systems. Finally, multi-objective optimization technique is also discussed to get an idea of how to get the trade-off between the various conflicting parameters of interest such as energy, cost, pressure drop, size, arrangement, etc. which is related to minimization and thermal efficiency/performance of the battery system related to maximization. This review will be very helpful for researchers working with an objective of improving the thermal performance and life span of the LIBs.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Deanship of Scientific Research at King Khalid University [GRP/129/42]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Phase-Change-Material; Heat-Pipe; Electric vehicles; Cooling Plate; Multiobjective optimization; Parametric optimization; Operating-Conditions; Cycling degradation; Capacity Fade; High-Power
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering > Department of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2022 07:54
Last Modified: 25 Apr 2022 07:54
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/33831

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