Protect, show, attend and tell: Empowering image captioning models with ownership protection

Lim, Jian Han and Chan, Chee Seng and Ng, Kam Woh and Fan, Lixin and Yang, Qiang (2022) Protect, show, attend and tell: Empowering image captioning models with ownership protection. Pattern Recognition, 122. ISSN 0031-3203, DOI

Full text not available from this repository.


By and large, existing Intellectual Property (IP) protection on deep neural networks typically i) focus on image classification task only, and ii) follow a standard digital watermarking framework that was conventionally used to protect the ownership of multimedia and video content. This paper demonstrates that the current digital watermarking framework is insufficient to protect image captioning tasks that are often regarded as one of the frontiers AI problems. As a remedy, this paper studies and proposes two different embedding schemes in the hidden memory state of a recurrent neural network to protect the image captioning model. From empirical points, we prove that a forged key will yield an unusable image captioning model, defeating the purpose of infringement. To the best of our knowledge, this work is the first to propose ownership protection on image captioning task. Also, extensive experiments show that the proposed method does not compromise the original image captioning performance on all common captioning metrics on Flickr30k and MS-COCO datasets, and at the same time it is able to withstand both removal and ambiguity attacks. Code is available at (c) 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS) MoHE Grant [FP021-2018A]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Image captioning; Ownership protection; Deep neural network; Recurrent neural network; Long short-term memory
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Computer Science & Information Technology > Department of Artificial Intelligence
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2022 08:10
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2022 08:10

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item