Magnetic resonance imaging phenotypes of breast cancer molecular subtypes: A systematic review

Ab Mumin, Nazimah and Hamid, Marlina Tanty Ramli and Wong, Jeannie Hsiu Ding and Rahmat, Kartini and Ng, Kwan Hoong (2022) Magnetic resonance imaging phenotypes of breast cancer molecular subtypes: A systematic review. Academic Radiology, 29 (1, SI). S89-S106. ISSN 1076-6332, DOI

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Objective: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the most sensitive imaging modality in detecting breast cancer. The purpose of this systematic review is to investigate the role of human extracted MRI phenotypes in classifying molecular subtypes of breast cancer. Methods: We performed a literature search of published articles on the application of MRI phenotypic features in invasive breast cancer molecular subtype classifications by radiologists' interpretation on Medline Complete, Pubmed, and Google scholar from 1st January 2000 to 31st March 2021. Of the 1453 literature identified, 42 fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Results: All studies were case-controlled, retrospective study and research-based. The majority of the studies assessed the MRI features using American College of Radiology- Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (ACR-BIRADS) classification and using dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) kinetic features, Apparent Diffusion Coefficient (ADC) values, and T2 sequence. Most studies divided invasive breast cancer into 4 main subtypes, luminal A, luminal B, HER2, and triple-negative (TN) cancers, and used 2 readers. We present a summary of the radiologists' extracted breast MRI phenotypical features and their correlating breast cancer subtypes classifications. The characteristic features are morphology, enhancement kinetics, and T2 signal intensity. We found that the TN subtype has the most distinctive MRI features compared to the other subtypes and luminal A and B have many similar features. Conclusion: The MRI features which are predictive of each subtype are the morphology, internal enhancement features, and T2 signal intensity, predominantly between TN and the rest. Radiologists' visual interpretation of some of MRI features may offer insight into the respective invasive breast cancer molecular subtype. However, current evidence are still limited to ``suggestive'' features instead of a diagnostic standard. Further research is recommended to explore this potential application, for example, by augmentation of radiologists' visual interpretation by artificial intelligence.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Malaysian Ministry of Higher Education, Fundamental Research Grant Scheme [Grant No: FRGS/ 1/2019/SKK03/UM/01/1], Faculty of Medicine Research Grant, Universiti Teknologi MARA [Grant No: 100000210009]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Invasive breast cancer; Molecular subtypes; Magnetic resonance imaging; Dynamic contrast-enhanced
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2022 06:40
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2022 06:40

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