Biodegradable carboxymethyl cellulose based material for sustainable packaging application

Yaradoddi, Jayachandra S. and Banapurmath, Nagaraj R. and Ganachari, Sharanabasava V. and Soudagar, Manzoore Elahi M. and Mubarak, N. M. and Hallad, Shankar and Hugar, Shoba and Fayaz, H. (2020) Biodegradable carboxymethyl cellulose based material for sustainable packaging application. Scientific Reports, 10 (1). ISSN 2045-2322, DOI

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The main goal of the present work was to develop a value-added product of biodegradable material for sustainable packaging. The use of agriculture waste-derived carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) mainly is to reduce the cost involved in the development of the film, at present commercially available CMS is costly. The main focus of the research is to translate the agricultural waste-derived CMC to useful biodegradable polymer suitable for packaging material. During this process CMC was extracted from the agricultural waste mainly sugar cane bagasse and the blends were prepared using CMC (waste derived), gelatin, agar and varied concentrations of glycerol; 1.5% (sample A), 2% (sample B), and 2.5% (sample C) was added. Thus, the film derived from the sample C (gelatin+CMC+agar) with 2.0% glycerol as a plasticizer exhibited excellent properties than other samples A and B. The physiochemical properties of each developed biodegradable plastics (sample A, B, C) were characterized using Fourier Transform Infra-Red (FTIR) spectroscopy and Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The swelling test, solubility in different solvents, oil permeability coefficient, water permeability (WP), mechanical strength of the produced material was claimed to be a good material for packaging and meanwhile its biodegradability (soil burial method) indicated their environmental compatibility nature and commercial properties. The reflected work is a novel approach, and which is vital in the conversion of organic waste to value-added product development. There is also another way to utilize commercial CMC in preparation of polymeric blends for the packaging material, which can save considerable time involved in the recovery of CMC from sugarcane bagasse.

Item Type: Article
Funders: None
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biodegradable material; Sustainable packaging; Agriculture waste-derived carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC); Packaging material
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering > Department of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs. Siti Mawarni Salim
Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2022 02:00
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2022 02:00

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