Thermogravimetric analysis of slow pyrolysis in chicken skin waste

Anuar, Nur Faradila and Ma'amor, Azman and Mahmud, Habibun Nabi Muhammad Ekramul and Abdullah, Fatimah Zahara and Alias, Rusmi and Musa, Mohibah and Muhamad, Ernee Noryana (2021) Thermogravimetric analysis of slow pyrolysis in chicken skin waste. Energy Sources, Part A, 43 (17). pp. 2160-2172. ISSN 1556-7036, DOI

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Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential thermal gravimetric (DTG) were used to study the efficiency of slow pyrolysis of chicken skin waste (CSW) through determining the apparent activation energy. CSW was heated from 50 degrees C to 900 degrees C at 5 degrees C/min, 10 degrees C/min, 15 degrees C/min, and 20 degrees C/min. The CSW was further investigated in pyrolysis using a fixed bed reactor where the maximum production of bio-oil was achieved at 550 degrees C. The crude bio-oil products demonstrated different classes of organic and complex mixture of hydrocarbons compound. The proposed decomposition pathway suggested that most CSW was cracked around 340-440 degrees C even at a low heating rate to produce mostly long-chain hydrocarbons.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia under Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS) [FP034-2013A], Universiti Malaya [PG131-2014B]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Thermal decomposition; TGA; DTG analysis; Chicken skin waste; Activation energy; Slow pyrolysis
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Q Science > QC Physics
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Nanotechnology & Catalysis Research Centre
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2022 07:53
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2022 07:53

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