Physicochemical and biological status of Aghlagan river, Iran: Effects of seasonal changes and point source pollution

Asadi Sharif, Ehsan and Yahyavi, Behnaz and Bayrami, Abolfazl and Rahim Pouran, Shima and Atazadeh, Ehsan and Singh, Ramesh and Abdul Raman, Abdul Aziz (2021) Physicochemical and biological status of Aghlagan river, Iran: Effects of seasonal changes and point source pollution. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 28 (12). pp. 15339-15349. ISSN 0944-1344, DOI

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Although the macroinvertebrates have been widely used as bio-indicator for river water quality assessment in developed countries, its application is new in Iran and data on the health status of the most ecologically important rivers in Iran is scarce. The present study aimed at monitoring and assessing the ecological quality of Aghlagan river, northwest of Iran, using integrated physicochemical-biological approaches. A total of 14,423 samplings were carried out from the headwater to downstream sites at four stations (S1, 2, 3, 4) by a Surber sampler (30 cm x 30 cm) from June 2018 to April 2019. The results obtained from macroinvertebrate biotic index revealed that the genera of Gammarus (Amphipoda) and Baetis (Ephemeroptera) were the most abundant in all seasons. The PAST software was applied to analyze the diversity indices (Shannon-Weiner diversity, Evenness, and Simpson indices). Based on the cluster analysis, S3 established the least similarity to other stations. The average frequency of each macroinvertebrate species was determined by one-factor analysis of similarities (ANOSIM). In accordance with canonical correspondence analysis (CCA), temperature and phosphate were found as the dominant factors effecting the macroinvertebrate assemblage and distribution. Moreover, the results obtained from the biological indices concluded very good quality of S4 by Helsinhoff and EPT indices and fair quality using BMWP index. The data on the macrobenthos assemblage and dynamics in the Aghlagan river across a hydraulic gradient provided useful information on water management efforts that assist us to find sustainable solutions for the enhanced quality of the river by balancing environmental and human values.

Item Type: Article
Funders: University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Iran [TP/1/976]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biological indices; Freshwater; Macroinvertebrates; Organic pollution; Seasonal effect
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering > Department of Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2022 05:10
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2022 05:10

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