NUB1 and FAT10 proteins as potential novel biomarkers in cancer: A translational perspective

Arshad, Maria and Hamid, Nazefah Abdul and Chan, Mun Chiang and Ismail, Fuad and Tan, Geok Chin and Pezzella, Francesco and Tan, Ka-Liong (2021) NUB1 and FAT10 proteins as potential novel biomarkers in cancer: A translational perspective. Cells, 10 (9). ISSN 2073-4409, DOI

Full text not available from this repository.


Cancer increases the global disease burden substantially, but it remains a challenge to manage it. The search for novel biomarkers is essential for risk assessment, diagnosis, prognosis, prediction of treatment response, and cancer monitoring. This paper examined NEDD8 ultimate buster-1 (NUB1) and F-adjacent transcript 10 (FAT10) proteins as novel biomarkers in cancer. This literature review is based on the search of the electronic database, PubMed. NUB1 is an interferon-inducible protein that mediates apoptotic and anti-proliferative actions in cancer, while FAT10 is a ubiquitin-like modifier that promotes cancer. The upregulated expression of both NUB1 and FAT10 has been observed in various cancers. NUB1 protein binds to FAT10 non-covalently to promote FAT10 degradation. An overexpressed FAT10 stimulates nuclear factor-kappa beta, activates the inflammatory pathways, and induces the proliferation of cancer. The FAT10 protein interacts with the mitotic arrest deficient 2 protein, causing chromosomal instability and breast tumourigenesis. FAT10 binds to the proliferating cell nuclear antigen protein and inhibits the DNA damage repair response. In addition, FAT10 involves epithelial-mesenchymal transition, invasion, apoptosis, and multiplication in hepatocellular carcinoma. Our knowledge about them is still limited. There is a need to further develop NUB1 and FAT10 as novel biomarkers.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Fundamental Research Grant Scheme[USIM/FRGS/FPSK/055002/50119]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biomarker;Cancer;FAT10;NUB1;NUB1L
Subjects: R Medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
R Medicine > RD Surgery
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 22 Aug 2022 04:10
Last Modified: 22 Aug 2022 04:53

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item