Alkali-silica reactivity of lightweight aggregate: A brief overview

Mo, Kim Hung and Ling, Tung-Chai and Tan, Tee How and Leong, Geok Wen and Yuen, Choon Wah and Shah, Syed Nasir (2021) Alkali-silica reactivity of lightweight aggregate: A brief overview. Construction and Building Materials, 270. ISSN 0950-0618, DOI

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The alkali-silica reaction (ASR) phenomenon is one of the most severe conditions which could deteriorate concrete. While extensive studies have been done on the reactivity of normal weight aggregate, the ASR mechanism related to the use of lightweight aggregate is not well understood. The paper reviews published findings with regards to the reactivity of lightweight aggregate. The beneficial effect of internal voids within the aggregate to accommodate reaction product seems to be shared by most of the studied lightweight aggregates. However, different types of lightweight aggregate were found to have differing behaviour with regards to ASR. Clay-based lightweight aggregates such as expanded clay and shale are reported to be non-reactive and can be utilized to reduce expansions in concrete experiencing ASR whereas highly siliceous aggregates such as expanded glass and perlite could exhibit certain degree of reactivity, though in most cases it was not deleterious. Further investigations are nevertheless required, especially to fully understand the ASR mechanism in various other types of lightweight aggregate. (C) 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Ministry of Education, Malaysia (FP056-2018A (FRGS/1/2018/TK06/UM/02/1), Universiti Malaya (FP056-2018A (FRGS/1/2018/TK06/UM/02/1)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Alkali-silica reaction (ASR); Lightweight aggregate; Accelerated mortar bar test; Expansion; Durability
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TH Building construction
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2022 02:14
Last Modified: 05 Mar 2022 02:14

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