A new soft computing model for daily streamflow forecasting

Sammen, Saad Sh. and Ehteram, Mohammad and Abba, S. I. and Abdulkadir, R. A. and Ahmed, Ali Najah and El-Shafie, Ahmed (2021) A new soft computing model for daily streamflow forecasting. Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment, 35 (12). pp. 2479-2491. ISSN 1436-3240, DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s00477-021-02012-1.

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Accurate stream flow quantification and prediction are essential for the local and global planning and management of basins to cope with climate change. The ability to forecast streamflow is crucial, as it can help mitigate flood risks. Long-term stream flow data records are needed for hydropower plant construction, flood prediction, watershed management, and long-term water supply use. An accurate assessment of streamflow is considered as very challenging and critical tasks. A new predicting model is developed in this research, combining the technique of sunflower optimization (SFA) as an evolutionary algorithm with the multi-layer perceptron (MLP) algorithm to predict streamflow in Malaysia's Jam Seyed Omar (JSO) and Muda Di Jeniang (MDJ) stations. Principal component analysis (PCA) was performed on Q (t) (t: the number of the current day) before model creation to pick essential inputs for a maximum of 6 lags. With the classical MLP and two other hybrid MLP models (MLP-particle swarm optimization (MLP-PSO) and MLP-genetic algorithm (MLP-GA)), the results of the MLP-sunflower algorithm (SFA) were benchmarked. As compared to other models, the MLP-SFA could be able to reduce the Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) by a value of between 12 and 21% at the JSO station and between 8 and 24% at the MDJ station. In conclusion, this research found that combining MLP with optimization algorithms improved the precision of the stand-alone MLP model, with SFA integration being the most efficient.

Item Type: Article
Funders: None
Uncontrolled Keywords: MLP; Streamflow; Sunflower optimization; Principal component analysis
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Q Science > QA Mathematics
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering > Department of Civil Engineering
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2022 08:41
Last Modified: 20 Jul 2022 08:41
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/28216

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