Adaptation of industrial revolution 4.0 in a seaport system

Salleh, Nurul Haqimin Mohd and Selvaduray, Mahendrran and Jeevan, Jagan and Ngah, Abdul Hafaz and Zailani, Suhaiza (2021) Adaptation of industrial revolution 4.0 in a seaport system. Sustainability, 13 (19). ISSN 2071-1050, DOI

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As pillars of logistics, supply chains, and transport networks, seaports have led to a substantial demand for countless economic advantages. The sustainability and competitive advantage of seaport businesses depend on their ability to adapt to changing business requirements, while Industrial Revolution 4.0 (IR 4.0) is a current phenomenon that connects the global market through smart technologies involving cyber-physical systems to overcome global trade uncertainty. However, focusing only on growing economic benefits might lead to an ineffective sustainable implementation of IR 4.0 within a seaport system. Therefore, this paper compares the current status of IR 4.0 global implementation against the current Malaysian seaport system to ensure that the development of seaports in Malaysia is aligned with technological trends and global requirements. In addition, this paper investigates the critical sustainable factors (CSFs) for the implementation of IR 4.0 in Malaysian seaports. A Focus Group Discussion (FGD) is used to obtain the data from 13 domain experts, from various maritime stakeholders, which is further analysed by using Thematic Analysis. The result has shown that most seaports have started to initiate a fusion by focusing on IR 4.0 adaptation. In contrast, in Malaysia, the seaports in this country are still behind the global trend and are just starting to explore the concept of IR 4.0 instead of expanding to the next level (global benchmark). The current status and CSFs, for the implementation of IR 4.0 in Malaysian seaports, are presented in comparison to global requirements, and the marginal associations between them are shown. As a conclusion, by comparing a global seaport scenario with Malaysian seaports, the main considerations for sustaining the implementation of IR 4.0 in Malaysian seaports can be discovered.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Ministry of Higher Education (MOHE) Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (UMT/RMIC/FRGS/1/2019/59587)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Industrial revolution 4.0; Malaysian seaport; Maritime industry; Focus group discussion; Thematic analysis
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Business and Economics
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2022 06:48
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2022 06:48

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