Effects of temperature and dark fermentation effluent on biomethane production in a two-stage up-flow anaerobic sludge fixed-film (UASFF) bioreactor

Zainal, Bidattul Syirat and Danaee, Mahmoud and Mohd, Nuruol Syuhadaa and Ibrahim, Shaliza (2020) Effects of temperature and dark fermentation effluent on biomethane production in a two-stage up-flow anaerobic sludge fixed-film (UASFF) bioreactor. Fuel, 263. p. 116729. ISSN 0016-2361, DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2019.116729.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2019.116729


In a two-stage of up-flow anaerobic sludge fixed-film (UASFF) bioreactor, palm oil mill effluent (POME) wastewater was used as inoculum and substrate to study the biodegradation in association with hydrogen and methane production. During the first stage (H2-UASFF unit), different temperatures (37–70 °C) and hydraulic retention time (HRT) was designed and analyzed using response surface methodology (RSM) for biohydrogen production. In the second stage (CH4-UASFF unit), at 24 h HRT, a continuous experiment was carried out using the same temperature and effluent from H2-UASFF unit (also known as dark fermentation effluent) was used as substrate (12–20 g COD L−1). This study is focusing on the second stage of UASFF bioreactor (i.e. CH4-UASFF) for biomethane production. Studied parameters were designed using Historical Data in RSM. Its effects on methane production rate (MPR), methane yield, biogas percentage and COD removal were analyzed. The relation between initial effluent COD and temperature on biomethane production and overall reactor performance treating POME wastewater were also examined. Results showed that 76% of total COD removal efficiency (TCOD) was achieved using two-stage UASFF bioreactor. The MPR of 15.63 L CH4 d−1, methane yield of 0.803 L CH4 g−1 CODrem.d−1, COD removal efficiency of 66.28% and 93.31% of CH4 at optimum temperature and effluent COD of 54 °C and 12 g COD L−1, respectively were obtained in CH4-UASFF unit. Based on this study, thermophilic temperature and low POME concentration showed a significant impact on biomethane production and more than 70% of TCOD of POME was reduced at 24 h HRT. © 2019 Elsevier Ltd

Item Type: Article
Funders: Universiti Malaya: Industrial Prototype Grant ( RU019D-2014A )
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biomethane; UASFF; Response Surface Methodology (RSM); palm oil mill effluent (POME)
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Faculty of Medicine
Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research & Innovation) Office > Institute of Ocean and Earth Sciences
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2020 03:49
Last Modified: 03 Jun 2020 03:49
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/24583

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