Thermocycling as a means of inducing mechanical fatigue in dental composites

Abu Kasim, N.H. and McCabe, J.F. (1998) Thermocycling as a means of inducing mechanical fatigue in dental composites. Journal of Dental Research, 77 (5). p. 1352. ISSN 0022-0345, DOI ZL730.


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The effect of thermocycling on the fatigue behaviour of 5 commercially available dental composites; P50(P)1, Silux Plus(S)2, Heliomolar(H)3, Clearfil Photo Posterior-light activated(CLA)4 and Clearfil Posterior-chemically activated(CC)5 was investigated. One hundred and ten rectangular bar specimens were prepared for each materil and divided into 11 groups of 10 each. Test groups 1-6 were subjected to 0, 250, 500, 750, 1000 and 1000 thermal cycles respectively. Each thermal cycle consisted of 1 minute immersion time of 50 seconds per change. The control groups 7-11 were stored in distilled water at 370c for the equivalent time to complete 250, 500, 750, 1000 and 10000 thermal cycles respectively. All specimens were subjected to a 3 point bend test and loaded at a crosshead speed of 1mm/min on a an Inston Testing Machine. The flexural strength of all materials decreases with the number of cycles and length of water storage except for CC where the flexural strength increases during the earlier stages of thermocycling and water storage. The lowest flexural strength was observed in groups 6 and 11. One way analysis of varience showed that Group 1 was significantly different from groups 6 and 11 (P<.05), however the thermally cycled and water storage groups were not different from each other for all materials tested. The decrease in flexural strength of all materials in the water storage groups (7-11) when compared to the 24 hour group (1) is related to weakening of resin-filler interface bu hydrolysis. While the decrease of the thermally cycled groups can be attributed to debongding of matrix-filler due to variation in coefficient of thermal expansion. It can be concluded that thermal changes does not reduce the flerxural strength of composites.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Associate Prof. Dr. Noor Hayaty Binti Abu Kasim Department of Conservative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry Building, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA
Uncontrolled Keywords: Self-repair; Culture-conditions; Composite Resin; Dental Pulp Stem Cell; Functionally Graded Design; Multi Layered Post; Functionally Graded Dental Post; Soft Skills; Clinical Pairing; Dental Pulp Stromal Cells; Long-term Expansion; Thermocycling; Dental Composites
Subjects: R Medicine
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Divisions: Faculty of Dentistry > Dept of Conservative Dentistry
Depositing User: Associate Prof. Dr. Noor Hayaty Abu Kasim
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2012 02:29
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2014 08:57

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