Heavy Metals Leaching Behaviour Assessment of Palm Oil Clinker

Karim, Mohammad Razaul and Yusoff, Sumiani and Razak, Hashim Abdul and Chowdhury, Faisal Islam and Zabed, Hossain (2018) Heavy Metals Leaching Behaviour Assessment of Palm Oil Clinker. Sains Malaysiana, 47 (3). pp. 523-530. ISSN 0126-6039, DOI https://doi.org/10.17576/jsm-2018-4703-12.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.17576/jsm-2018-4703-12


Technical benefit of incorporation of Palm Oil Clinker (POC) in cement-based applications has been proven in recent studies. The aim of this work was to assess the heavy metal leaching behavior to ensure environmental safety of using POC in cement-based applications. The chemical composition, morphology, total organic carbon (TOC) and mineralogy were determined using XRF, FESEM, TOC analyzers and XRD to select appropriate chemical reagents for complete digestion. HNO3, HF and HClO4 were used for digestion of POC to measure heavy metal content using ICP-MS. The chemical reagents CH3COOH, NH2OH-HCl, H2O2+CH3COONH4 and HF+HNO3+HCl were used for extraction of acid soluble, reducible, oxidizable and residual fractions of heavy metals in POC, respectively. The leaching toxicity of the POC was investigated by the USEPA 1311 TCLP method. The result showed the presence of Be, V, Cr, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Se, Ag, Cd, Ba and Pb with levels of 5.13, 11.02, 2.65, 1.93, 45.43, 11.84, 15.07, 0, 0, 81.97 and 1.76 mg/kg, respectively, in POC. The leaching value in mg/L of As (4.56), Cu(1.05), Be (0.89), Zn(0.51), Ba(0.26), Ni (0.17), V(0.15), Cr(0.001) and Se (0.001) is found well below the standard limit of risk. Risk assessment code (RAC) analysis confirms the safe incorporation of POC in cement-based applications.

Item Type: Article
Funders: UMRG RP023A-16SUS and UM.C/625/1/HIR/MOHE/ ENG/56 sponsored by the Ministry of Higher Education (MOE), Malaysia
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cement-based applications; Heavy metal; Leaching toxicity; Palm oil clinker; Risk assessment code
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Q Science > QH Natural history
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Faculty of Science > Department of Physics
Faculty of Science > Institute of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2019 04:50
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2019 04:50
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/21686

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