Microstructural investigation and durability performance of high volume industrial by-products-based masonry mortars

Nayaka, Ramappa Ramesh and Alengaram, Ubagaram Johnson and Jumaat, Mohd Zamin and Yusoff, Sumiani (2018) Microstructural investigation and durability performance of high volume industrial by-products-based masonry mortars. Construction and Building Materials, 189. pp. 906-923. ISSN 0950-0618, DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.09.020.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.09.020


The use of eco-efficient building materials in construction has become a trend in regard to the effort of mitigating the effect of global warming which include CO2 emission, energy demand, and natural resources depletion that lead to negative environmental impacts. The present study was attempts to investigate the microstructure behaviour and durability performance of masonry mortars. In this context, palm oil clinker powder (POCP) was utilised to replace cement up to 80%, while the incinerated bottom ash aggregates (IBAA) was utilised to replace mining sand up to 100%. Eventually, further investigation was carried out on the durability performance through water absorption, sorptivity, sulphate attack, and electrical resistivity on the ideal mixtures of 40% of POCP (CLP) and IBAA with 50% (CLPI50) & 100% (CLPI) mixtures. As a result, irregular shape of POCP particles in SEM and the presence of high silica in POCP were observed to produce the peaks of portlandite as well as early occurrence of calcite. In this case, IBAA particles have angular, while porous microstructure in SEM and the XRD results showed high peaks of quartz and calcite. The final mixes containing CLP, CLPI50, and CLPI respectively obtained 51, 56, and 61% of 28-day compressive strength of control mix (CL) that was greater than the requisite 12.4 MPa. On another note, the mix- CLP showed better durability performance (6% water absorption, 84 mm/100 cm2 of IRA) compared to CLPI50 (7%, 89 mm/100 cm2), while the drying shrinkage performance of CLP possessed similar trend to that of the CL (0.064%). Finally, the mix CLP managed to produce extremely good electrical resistivity.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Sustainability Science (SuSci) Research Cluster, University of Malaya under the research fund- Grand Challenge (GC) - GC003D-15SUS: “Application of environmental-friendly building materials consisting of local waste material for affordable housing”
Uncontrolled Keywords: Palm oil clinker powder; Compressive strength; Water absorption; Sorptivity; Electrical resistivity; Sulphate attack; Drying shrinkage
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QH Natural history
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research & Innovation) Office > Institute of Ocean and Earth Sciences
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 08 May 2019 05:42
Last Modified: 08 May 2019 05:42
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/21158

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