Effect of Impeller-To-Tank Geometry on Particles Distribution and Just-Suspension Speeds for a Range of Solids Loadings

Wong, S.D. and Ibrahim, S. and Zamzam, Z. and Kato, Y. and Sato, M. (2015) Effect of Impeller-To-Tank Geometry on Particles Distribution and Just-Suspension Speeds for a Range of Solids Loadings. Journal of Chemical Engineering of Japan, 48 (5). pp. 374-380. ISSN 0021-9592, DOI https://doi.org/10.1252/jcej.14we059.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1252/jcej.14we059


Particle distribution and just-suspension speeds have been studied for SATAKE SUPERMIX® HR100 and HS604 impellers in comparison to a 45° pitched-blade turbine (4PBT) and propeller (3P) in a flat-base fully baffled cylindrical tank. The slurries were made up of 18.0 µm, 75.3 µm and 195.5 µm diameter PMMA particles in water, with solids loading ranging from 5 to 40% by weight. Points of last suspension were either from the center, side, or annular region, and are directly related to the flow on the tank base, which could result from primary discharge or induced flow. Increasing impeller clearance from the base reduces the extent of flow for the 4PBT and 3P, such that at high clearances the main flow completely separates into two recirculating loops, with weaker secondary loops in the lower half of the tank. This led to the accumulation of particles at the tank center. By comparison, the HR100 generates a strong axial flow that was maintained at all clearances, thereby making it more advantageous in clearing particles at the tank center. Njs increased with increasing C/D, particularly at high clearances for the 4PBT and 3P, while the HR100 is relatively less affected by clearance. At C/D=0.75 and 1.0, Njs for both the 4PBT and 3P are strongly affected by solids loading of 20 wt% and upwards. The HS604 has promising suspension performance in terms of stability with respect to changes in solids loading, and this is related to its discharge pattern that results from a very low clearance.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Impeller Geometry; Solid-Liquid; Flow Pattern; Just-Suspension; Solid Distribution
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2018 04:06
Last Modified: 27 Apr 2018 04:06
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/18638

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