Production of Palm-Based Esteramine Through Heterogeneous Catalysis

Aziz, H.A. and Aroua, M.K. and Yusoff, R. and Abas, N.A. and Idris, Z. and Hassan, H.A. (2016) Production of Palm-Based Esteramine Through Heterogeneous Catalysis. Journal of Surfactants and Detergents, 19 (1). pp. 11-18. ISSN 1097-3958, DOI

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This study involved maximizing the conversion of palm-based methyl palmitate to esteramine, an intermediate for esterquats via transesterification with triethanolamine, aided by Ca-Al as a heterogeneous catalyst in a 500-ml reaction unit. The effect of process parameters on the conversion was investigated. The optimum process parameters, consisting of a mole ratio of 1.8:1 (methyl palmitate:triethanolamine), 170 °C, 10 mbar, 0.5 % catalyst and a duration of 2 h, produced more than 90 % conversion. Transesterification employing Ca-Al is more environmentally friendly than the conventional approach using sodium methoxide, simplifies the downstream separation process and the reusability of the catalyst was successfully tested in three subsequent cycles.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Esteramine; Transesterification; Methyl palmitate; Heterogeneous catalyst; Esterquats
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2017 03:17
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2017 03:17

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