Engineering properties of lightweight aggregate concrete containing limestone powder and high volume fly ash

Shafigh, Payam and Nomeli, M.A. and Alengaram, Ubagaram Johnson and Mahmud, Hilmi and Jumaat, Mohd Zamin (2016) Engineering properties of lightweight aggregate concrete containing limestone powder and high volume fly ash. Journal of Cleaner Production, 135. pp. 148-157. ISSN 0959-6526, DOI

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Concrete industry is one of the major sources of consuming high volume of natural resources. On the other hand, cement industry is a significant point source of carbon dioxide emissions due to the decomposition of raw material and burning fuel during the manufacturing process. As the demand for concrete is growing, one of the effective way to minimize the negative environmental impact of the industry is the use of waste and by-product materials as cement and aggregate replacement in concrete. In the current study, possibility of making structural lightweight aggregate concrete using large amounts of waste material was investigated. The waste materials comprised oil palm shell, which was used as coarse aggregate, and a high volume (50% and 70%) of type F fly ash, as cement replacement by mass. The mechanical properties, such as compressive strength in different curing conditions, splitting tensile and flexural strengths, as well as density, ultrasonic pulse velocity, water absorption, and drying shrinkage up to one year were investigated. All oil palm shell concretes containing high volume fly ash are found to have adequate strength for formwork removal. Oil palm shell concretes containing high volume fly ash had 46%–60% lower cement content compared to previous studies with a similar compressive strength. Although, using high volume fly ash in oil palm shell concrete significantly reduced short-term mechanical properties, however, the use of limestone powder significantly improved the compressive strength at early and later ages. Test results also showed that there is no significant difference between the drying shrinkage of oil palm shell concrete containing 50% fly ash and the control oil palm shell concrete.

Item Type: Article
Funders: University of Malaya: University of Malaya Grand Challenge Project GC003D-15 SUS: Application of Environmental-Friendly Building Materials Consisting of Local Waste Materials for Affordable Housing
Uncontrolled Keywords: Lightweight aggregate concrete; Limestone powder; Fly ash; Mechanical properties; Drying shrinkage
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TH Building construction
Divisions: Faculty of Science
Faculty of the Built Environment
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2017 01:09
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2020 04:50

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