An optimisation study for catalytic hydrolysis of oil palm shell using response surface methodology

Sabzoi, N. and Yong, E.K. and Jayakumar, N.S. and Sahu, J.N. and Ganesan, P. and Mubarak, N.M. and Mazari, S.A. (2015) An optimisation study for catalytic hydrolysis of oil palm shell using response surface methodology. Journal of Oil Palm Research, 27 (4). pp. 339-351. ISSN 1511-2780,

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Oil palm shell has great potential for conversion to biofuels because of its abundance and favourable composition. Catalytic hydrolysis of oil palm shell was performed using sodium hydroxide as a catalyst. The main objective of the study was to optimise the process parameters for yield percentage of bio-oil from catalytic hydrolysis of palm shell by means of response surface methodology with central composite design. The parameters investigated were reaction temperature (140 degrees C-230 degrees C), reaction time (10-30 min) and NaOH concentration (04 m-1.5 m). The main product (bio-oil) was characterised using Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy and the bomb calorimeter to find the functional groups and higher heating value of bio-oil. Among all the three parameters, the NaOH concentration was found to be the most influencing factor for liquid yield percentage followed by reaction temperature and time, respectively. The R-squared value of the model was 0.9657 indicating an excellent match for values of liquid production in predicted and experimental results. The optimum conditions found were: temperature at 230 degrees C, time at 10 min, and NaOH concentration at 1.5 M yielded 74.6 wt.% of product. The heating values determined for acetone and water-soluble products at optimum conditions were 22.4 MJ kg(-1) and 14.3 MJ kg(-1).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bio-oil production; Oil palm shell; Hydrolysis; Optimisation; Higher heating value
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Depositing User: Mrs. Siti Mawarni Salim
Date Deposited: 23 Aug 2016 07:58
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2019 03:48

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