Influence of copper and mild steel on stability of palm biodiesel

Jakeria, M.R. and Fazal, M.A. and Haseeb, A.S. Md. Abdul (2013) Influence of copper and mild steel on stability of palm biodiesel. In: 1st International Conference on the Science & Engineering of Materials, 13-14 November 2013, Sunway Putra Hotel, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

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Fossil fuel depletion has caused a serious concern, which has promoted the search for alternative energy source. Use ofbiodiesel has recently been proven as a potential source of energy. However, commercial use of higher blends of biodiesel in automobiles is being questionable because of its unstable fuel properties. The present study aims to investigate stability of different fuel properties of palm biodiesel upon exposure to copper and mild steel, which are exposed to biodiesel in automobile engines. Static immersion tests were conducted by exposing metallic coupons in palm biodiesel at room temperature for different periods viz., 20, 40, 60 days. Compositional analysis was done by gas chromatography. Investigated fuel properties include induction period, total acid value, water content, calorific value, viscosity, density, cloud point, pour point etc. Results show that copper has strong influence on of fuel properties, especially viscosity, water content, calorific value, density etc. SEMIEDS analysis was conducted to investigate the relative effect of exposure time of palm biodiesel on both metallic surfaces with corrosion rate. Compositional analysis showed that concentration of the principal constituents of palm biodiesel i.e. methyl oleate and palmitate, reduced more in copper exposed biodiesel than that in mild steel exposed biodiesel.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Palm biodiesel, energy source, copper, mild steel, metallic, corrosion
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr. Mohd Safri
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2016 01:05
Last Modified: 16 Oct 2018 03:52

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