The validity and reliability of motion analysis in patellar tendon reflex assessment

Tham, L.K. and Abu Osman, Noor Azuan and Wan Abas, W.A.B. and Lim, K.S. (2013) The validity and reliability of motion analysis in patellar tendon reflex assessment. PLoS ONE, 8 (2). e55702. ISSN 1932-6203

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Abstract

Background: The deep tendon reflex assessments that are essential to the accurate diagnosis of neurological or neuromuscular disorders are conducted subjectively in clinical neurology. Our aim was to assess deep tendon reflexes objectively with a new reflex quantification method. Methodology/Principal Findings: The present study used a motion analysis technique to collect quantitative measurements for both the input and output of normal patellar tendon reflex. Reflex responses were measured as knee angles. The patellar tendon reflexes of 100 healthy subjects were examined using 6 levels of tendon taps, where all the assessments were captured using motion capture system. A linear relationship was found between the experimental maximum tapping velocity and tapping angle (coefficient of determination = 0.989), which was consistent with the theoretical values. Tapping velocities were predictable according to tapping angles. The findings proved the reproducibility of tapping method in producing consistent input. The reflex amplitude was consistent between two randomly assigned groups, and linearly proportionate to the tapping velocity. Conclusions/Significance: The findings on reflex amplitude indicate that motion analysis is a valid and reliable method of assessing and measuring deep tendon reflexes. © 2013 Tham et al.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By (since 1996):2 Export Date: 24 February 2014 Source: Scopus Art. No.: e55702 PubMed ID: 23409022 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Tham, L. K.; Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; email: laikuantam@hotmail.com References: Bishop, B., Machover, S., Johnston, S., Role of gamma motor system in the Achilles tendon reflex of hemiplegic patients (1968) Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 49, pp. 698-707; de Weerd, A.W., Jonkman, E.J., Measurement of knee tendon reflex latencies in lumbar radicular syndromes (1986) Eur Neurol, 25, pp. 304-308; Frijns, C.J., Laman, D.M., van Duijn, M.A., van Duijn, H., Normal values of patellar and ankle tendon reflex latencies (1997) Clin Neurol Neurosur, 99, pp. 31-36; Johnsen, B., Fuglsang-Frederiksen, A., Electrodiagnosis of polyneuropathy (2000) Neurophysiol Clin, 30, pp. 339-351; Karandreas, N., Piperos, O., Dimitriou, D., Kokotis, P., Zambelis, T., Electrophysiological recording of the tendon reflexes in cervical myelopathy (2000) Electromyogr Clin Neurophysiol, 40, pp. 83-88; Rico, E., Jonkman, E.J., Measurement of the Achilles tendon reflex for the diagnosis of lumbosacral root compression syndromes (1982) J Neurol Neurosur Ps, 45, pp. 791-795; Schott, K., Koenig, E., T-wave response in cervical root lesions (1991) Acta Neurol Scand, 84, pp. 273-276; Toft, E., Sinkjaer, T., Espersen, G.T., Quantitation of the stretch reflex. Technical aspects and clinical applications (1989) Acta Neurol Scand, 79, pp. 384-390; Kuruoglu, R., Oh, S.J., Quantitation of tendon reflex in normal volunteers (1993) Electromyogr Clin Neurophysiol, 33, pp. 347-351; Manschot, S., van Passel, L., Buskens, E., Algra, A., van Gijn, J., Mayo and NINDS scales for assessment of tendon reflexes: between observer agreement and implications for communication (1998) J Neurol Neurosur Ps, 64, pp. 253-255; Marshall, G.L., Little, J.W., Deep tendon reflexes: A study of quantitative methods (2002) J Spinal Cord Med, 25, pp. 94-99; Zhang, L.-Q., Huang, H., Silwa, J.A., Rymer, W.Z., System identification of tendon reflex dynamics (1999) IEEE Trans Rehabil Eng, 7, pp. 193-203; Simons, D.G., Lamonte, R.J., Automated system for the measurement of reflex responses to patellar tendon tap in man (1971) Am J Phys Med, 50, pp. 72-79; Van de Crommert, H.W.A.A., Faist, M., Berger, W., Duysens, J., Biceps femoris tendon jerk reflexes are enhanced at the end of the swing phase in humans (1996) Brain Res, 734, pp. 341-344; Péréon, Y., Nguyen The Tich, S., Fournier, E., Genet, R., Guihéneuc, P., Electrophysiological recording of deep tendon reflexes: Normative data in children and in adults (2004) Clin Neurophysiol, 34, pp. 131-139; Stam, J., van Crevel, H., Measurement of tendon reflexes by surface electromyography in normal subjects (1989) J Neurol, 236, pp. 231-237; Mamizuka, N., Sakane, M., Kaneoka, K., Hori, N., Ochiai, N., Kinematic quantitation of the patellar tendon reflex using a tri-axial accelerometer (2007) J Biomech, 40, pp. 2107-2111; Lebiedowska, M.K., Fisk, J.R., Quantitative evaluation of reflex and voluntary activity in children with spasticity (2003) Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 84, pp. 828-837; LeMoyne, R., Dabiri, F., Jafari, R., Quantified deep tendon reflex device, second generation (2008) J Mech Med Biol, 8, pp. 75-85; Stam, J., Tan, K.M., Tendon reflex variability and method of stimulation (1987) Electromyogr Clin Neurophysiol, 67, pp. 463-467; Stam, J., van Crevel, H., Reliability of the clinical and electromyographic examination of tendon reflexes (1990) J Neurol, 237, pp. 427-431; Davis, R.B., Ounpuu, S., Tyburski, D., Gage, J.R., A gait analysis data collection and reduction technique (1991) Hum Movement Sci, 10, pp. 575-587; Tham, L.K., Abu Osman, N.A., Lim, K.S., Pingguan-Murphy, B., Wan Abas, W.A.B., Investigation to predict patellar tendon reflex using motion analysis technique (2011) Med Eng Phys, 33, pp. 407-410; Kadaba, M.P., Ramakrishnan, H.K., Wootten, M.E., Measurement of lower extremity kinematics during level walking (1990) J Orthopaed Res, 8, pp. 383-392; Dafkin, C., Green, A., Kerr, S., Veliotes, D., Mckinon, W., The accuracy of subjective clinical assessments of the patellar reflex (2013) Muscle & Nerve, 47, pp. 81-88
Uncontrolled Keywords: Accuracy, adult, article, clinical assessment tool, controlled study, female, functional assessment, human, human experiment, male, motion analysis, neuromuscular function, normal human, patella tendon, reliability, reproducibility, tendon reflex, validity, Humans, Motion, Patellar Ligament, Reference Values.
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2014 06:30
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2019 07:50
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/9551

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