Prosthetic foot design: the significance of the normalized ground reaction force

Bani Hashim, A.Y. and Abu Osman, Noor Azuan and Wan Abas, Wan Abu Bakar and Abdul Latif, L. (2011) Prosthetic foot design: the significance of the normalized ground reaction force. In: 5th Kuala Lumpur International Conference on Biomedical Engineering, BIOMED 2011, Held in Conjunction with the 8th Asian Pacific Conference on Medical and Biological Engineering, APCMBE 2011, 2011, Kuala Lumpur.

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Abstract

This study maps bones and joints, relate them to the vertical ground reaction forces on gait. Their localities are charted in the form of graph. This is then being exploited as arguments to reason the design of prosthetic foot. The mathematical model is developed and is based on the relationship among the anatomy of bones and joints, the vertical ground reaction forces on certain points as well as the sequence when these points experience the vertical ground reaction forces. Using the model, a custom design prosthetic foot is built using a male subject of size 5 scanned foot image. It is concluded that proper mappings and modeling of foot structure can be used as reference in design and development of prosthetic feet.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: Conference code: 85436 Export Date: 24 February 2014 Source: Scopus Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Bani Hashim, A. Y.; Department of Robotics and Automation, Faculty of Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Durian Tunggal, 76100 Melaka, Malaysia; email: yusairi@utem.edu.my References: Wang, W.J., Crompton, R.H., Analysis of the human foot during bipedal standing with implications for the evolution of the foot (2004) J. of Biomechanics, 37, pp. 1831-1836; Elftman, H., Dynamic structure of the human foot (1969) Artif. Limbs, 13 (1), pp. 49-58; Gronley, J.K., Perry, J., Gait analysis techniques (1993) Physical Therapy, 64 (12), pp. 1831-1838; Krebs, D.E., Edelstein, J.E., Fishman, S., Reliability of observational kinematic gait analysis (1985) Physical Therapy, 65 (7), pp. 1027-1033; Laughman, R.K., Askew, L.J., Bleimeye, R.R., Chao, E.Y., Objective clinical evaluation of function gait analysis (1984) Physical Therapy, 64 (12), pp. 1839-1845; McGinley, J.L., Goldie, P.A., Greenwood, K.M., Olney, S.J., Accuracy and reliability of observational gait analysis data: Judgments of push-off in gait after stroke (2003) Physical Therapy, 83 (2), pp. 146-160; Peterson, M.J., Perry, J., Montgomery, J., Walking patterns of healthy subjects wearing rocker shoes (1985) Physical Therapy, 65 (10), pp. 1483-1489; Su, P.-F., Gard, S.A., Lipschutz, R.D., Kuiken, T.A., Gait characteristics of persons with bilateral transtibial amputations (2007) J. Rehabilitation Research & Development, 44 (2), pp. 491-501; Winter, D., Kinematics and kinematics patterns in human gait (1984) Human Movement Science, 3, pp. 51-76; Lai, D., Begg, R., Palaniswani, M., Computational intelligence in gait research: A perspective on current applications and future research (2009) IEEE Trans. On Inf. Tech. in Biomedicine, 13 (5), pp. 687-702. , September; Saligo, C., Müller, A.E., Nails and claws in primate evolution (1999) Journal of Human Evolution, 36 (1), p. 97; Tsai, L.-W., (2001) Mechanism Design: Enumeration of Kinematic Structures According to Function, , CRC Press, Boca Raton; Bani Hashim, A.Y., Abu Osman, N.A., Wan Abas, W.A.B., Abdul Latif, L., Evaluation of a bio-Mechanism by graphed static equilibrium forces (2009) Proc. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, 60, pp. 693-696
Uncontrolled Keywords: graph, ground reaction force, Prosthetic foot, Custom design, Design and Development, Foot design, Foot structure, Ground reaction forces, Biomedical engineering, Bone, Design, Joints (anatomy), Mathematical models, Joint prostheses.
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 17 Mar 2014 01:13
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2019 08:46
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/9538

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