Butane, isobutane and their mixtures as an alterantives to R-134a in domestic refrigerator

Sattar, M.A. and Saidur, Rahman and Masjuki, Haji Hassan (2007) Butane, isobutane and their mixtures as an alterantives to R-134a in domestic refrigerator. International Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, 2 (2). pp. 154-160. ISSN 18230334

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Abstract

The present paper describes the experimental results on the performance of butane isobutene and their mixture as refrigerant in domestic refrigerator. Pure butane, isobutene and mixture of propane, butane and isobutene were used as refrigerants. The performance of the refrigerator using hydrocarbons as refrigerants was investigated and compared with the performance of refrigerator when R-134a was used as refrigerant. The effect of condenser temperature and evaporator temperature on COP, refrigerating effect, condenser duty, work of compression and heat rejection ratio were investigated. The energy consumption of the refrigerator during experiment with hydrocarbons and R-134a was measured. The results show that the compressor consumed 3 and 2 less energy than that of HFC-134a at 28°C ambient temperature when iso-butane and butane was used as refrigerants respectively. The energy consumption and COP of hydrocarbons and their blends shows that hydrocarbon can be used as refrigerant in the domestic refrigerator. The COP and other result obtained in this experiment show a positive indication of using HC as refrigerants in domestic refrigerator.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Export Date: 6 December 2012 Source: Scopus Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Sattar, M.A.; Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; email: sattar106@yahoo.com References: Donald, B., Nagengast, B., Heat and Cold mastering the great indoors. ASHRAE, Inc (1994) 1791 Tullie Circle NE, , Atlanta, GA 30329. ISBN1-883413-17-6; Radermacher, R., Kim, K., Domestic refrigerator: Recent development (1996) International journal of refrigeration, 19, pp. 61-69; Akash B. A, Said S.A, 2003. Assessment of LPG as a possible alternative to R-12 in domestic refrigerators. Energy conversion Management 44, 381-388Lee, Y.S., Su, C.C., Experimental studies of isobutene (R600a) as refrigerant in domestic refrigeration system (2002) Applied Thermal Engineering, 22, pp. 507-519; Tashtoush B, Tahat M, Shudeifat M. A, 2002. Experiment study of new refrigerant mixtures to replace R12 in domestic refrigerator. Applied Thermal Engineering 22, 495-506Sekhar, S.J., Lai, D.M., HFC134a/HC600a/HC290 mixture a retrofit for CFC12 system (2005) International journal of refrigeration, 28, pp. 735-743; Wongwises, S., Chimres, N., Experimental study of hydrocarbon mixtures to replace HFC-134a in a domestic refrigerator (2005) Energy conversion and management, 46, pp. 85-100; Devotta, S., Wagmare, A.V., Sawant, N.N., Domkundwar, B.M., Alternatives to HFC-22 for air conditioners (2001) Applied Thermal Engineering, 21, pp. 703-715; Sekhar, S.J., Lal, D.M., Renganarayanan, S., Improved energy efficiency for CFC domestic refrigerators with ozone-friendly HFC134a/HC refrigerant mixture (2004) International Journal of thermal Science, 43, pp. 307-314; (1991) Study on the Potential for Hydrocarbon Replacements in Existing Domestic and Small Commercial Refrigeration Appliances, , United Nations Environnient Programme, UNITED NATIONS PUBLICATION ISBN 92-807-1765-0; Dossat, R.J., Horan, T.J., (2002) Principle of refrigeration, pp. 1-454. , Prentice Hall, New Jersey, USA. Fifth edition, ISBN 0-13-027270-1 pp
Uncontrolled Keywords: Butane, Energy consumption, Heat rejection ratio, Hydrocarbons, Iso-butane.
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2013 01:23
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2018 05:02
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/6871

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