Rahman, M.M. and Billah, M.M. and Hasanuzzaman, M. and Saidur, Rahman and Rahim, N.A.
(2012)
*Heat transfer enhancement of nanofluids in a Lid-Driven square enclosure.*
Numerical Heat Transfer, Part A: Applications, 62 (12).
pp. 973-991.
ISSN 1521-0634

## Abstract

A numerical investigation of mixed convection flows through a copper-water nanofluid in a lid-driven square enclosure has been executed here. The two horizontal walls of the enclosure are insulated, while the vertical walls are kept differentially heated by constant temperature with the left wall moving at a constant speed. The physical problem is represented mathematically by a set of governing equations, and the transport equations are solved using the finite element method based on Galerkin-weighted residuals. Comparisons with previously published work are performed and found to be in excellent agreement. Computational results are obtained for a wide range of parameters such as the Richardson number, solid volume fraction, and Reynolds number. Copper-water nanofluids are used with Prandtl number Pr=6.2, and solid volume fraction is varied as 0, 2, 4, and 8. Reynolds number Re is varied from 50 to 200, while the Richardson number Ri is from 0 to 5 on the flow and thermal fields; heat transfer characteristics are also studied in detail. Results are offered in terms of streamlines, isotherms, average Nusselt number, and fluid temperature for the mentioned parameters. It is found that heat transfer increased by 9.91 as increases from 0 to 8 at Ri=5. On the other hand, at the same convective regime, heat transfer increased by 120.91 as Re increased from 50 to 200.

Item Type: | Article |
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Additional Information: | Export Date: 6 December 2012 Source: Scopus CODEN: NHAAE Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Rahman, M.M.; Department of Mathematics, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET), Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh; email: m71ramath@gmail.com References: Yu, Z.T., Hu, Y.C., Fan, L.W., Cen, K.F., A parametric study of prandtl number effects on laminar natural convection heat transfer from a horizontal circular cylinder to its coaxial triangular enclosure (2010) Numer. Heat Transfer A, 58 (7), pp. 564-580; Basak, T., Roy, S., Ramakrishna, D., Pop, I., Visualization of heat transport during natural convection within porous triangular cavities via heat line approach (2010) Numer. Heat Transfer A, 57 (6), pp. 431-452; Paramane, S.B., Sharma, A., Consistent implementation and comparison of FOU, CD, SOU and QUICK convection schemes on square, skew, trapezoidal, and triangular lid-driven cavity flow (2008) Numer. 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Uncontrolled Keywords: | Computational results, Constant speed, Constant temperature, Fluid temperatures, Governing equations, Heat transfer characteristics, Heat Transfer enhancement, Horizontal walls, Mixed convection flow, Nanofluids, Numerical investigations, Richardson number, Solid volume fraction, Square enclosures, Thermal field, Transport equation, Vertical wall, Copper, Enclosures, Finite element method, Mixed convection, Nusselt number, Reynolds number, Nanofluidics. |

Subjects: | T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery |

Divisions: | Faculty of Engineering |

Depositing User: | Mr Jenal S |

Date Deposited: | 02 Jul 2013 02:10 |

Last Modified: | 25 Oct 2019 06:23 |

URI: | http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/6283 |

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