Energy, exergy and environmental analysis of cold thermal energy storage (CTES) systems

Rismanchi, B. and Saidur, R. and Boroumandjazi, G. and Ahmed, S. (2012) Energy, exergy and environmental analysis of cold thermal energy storage (CTES) systems. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16 (8). pp. 5741-5746. ISSN 13640321

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Abstract

As the air conditioning system is one of the largest contributors to electrical peak demand, the role of the cold thermal energy storage (CTES) system has become more significant in the past decade. The present paper has reviewed the studies conducted on the energy and exergy analysis of CTES systems with a special focus on ice thermal and chilled water storage systems as the most common types of CTES. However, choosing a proper CTES technique is mainly dependent on localized parameters such as the ambient temperature profile, electricity rate structure, and user's habit, which makes it quite difficult and complicated as it depends on many individual parameters. Therefore, it was found that energy and exergy analysis can help significantly for a better judgment. The review paper has shown that the exergetic efficiency analysis can show a more realistic picture than energy efficiency analysis. In addition, the environmental impact and the economic feasibility of these systems are also investigated. It was found that, based on the total exergy efficiency, the ice on coil (internal melt) is known as the most desirable CTES system.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Export Date: 6 December 2012 Source: Scopus CODEN: RSERF Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Saidur, R.; Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; email: saidur@um.edu.my References: Dincer, I., Rosen, M.A., (2002) Thermal Energy Storage Systems and Applications, , Wiley New York; Dorgan, C.E., Elleson, J.S., (1994) Design Guide for Cool Thermal Storage, , American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers Atlanta, Ga; MacCracken, M., Thermal energy storage MYTHS (2003) ASHRAE, 45, pp. 36-42; MacCracken, M., Energy storage providing for a low-carbon future (2010) ASHRAE, 52, pp. 28-36; Al-Rabghi, O.M., Akyurt, M.M., A survey of energy efficient strategies for effective air conditioning (2004) Energy Conversion and Management, 45, pp. 1643-1654; Bahnfleth, W.P., Song, J., Constant flow rate charging characteristics of a full-scale stratified chilled water storage tank with double-ring slotted pipe diffusers (2005) Applied Thermal Engineering, 25, pp. 3067-3082; Butala, V., Stritih, U., Experimental investigation of PCM cold storage (2009) Energy and Buildings, 41, pp. 354-359; (1996) Source Energy and Environmental Impacts of Thermal Energy Storage California Energy Commission, , Tabors Caramanis and Associates California, USA; Ho, C.D., Yeh, H.M., Tu, J.W., Chilled air production in cool-thermal discharge systems from ice melting under constant heat flux and melt removal (2005) International Communications in Heat and Mass, 32, pp. 491-500; (1985) Commercial Cold Storage Design Guide, Technical Report, , Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI); Hasnain, S.M., Review on sustainable thermal energy storage technologies, Part II: Cool thermal storage (1998) Energy Conversion and Management, 39, pp. 1139-1153; Incropera, F.P., Dewitt, D.P., (2002) Introduction to Heat Transfer, , 4th ed. 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Uncontrolled Keywords: Cold thermal energy storage (CTES), Efficiency, Energy, Environment, Exergy, Airconditioning systems, Chilled water, Cold thermal energy storage, Economic feasibilities, Efficiency analysis, Electricity rate structure, Energy and exergy analysis, Environmental analysis, Exergetic efficiency, Exergy efficiencies, Peak demand, Energy efficiency, Heat storage.
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 14 Jun 2013 01:16
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2013 01:16
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/6187

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