First report of brown widow spider sightings in Peninsular Malaysia and notes on its global distribution

Muslimin, M. and Wilson, J.J. and Ghazali, A.R. and Braima, K.A. and Jeffery, J. and Wan-Nor, F. and Alaa-Eldin, M.E. and Mohd-Zin, S.W. and Wan-Yusoff, W.S. and Norma-Rashid, Y. and Lau, Y.L. and Rohela, M. and Abdul-Aziz, N.M. (2015) First report of brown widow spider sightings in Peninsular Malaysia and notes on its global distribution. Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases, 21. p. 8. ISSN 1678-9199

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Official URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25995738

Abstract

Background: The brown widow spider (Latrodectus geometricus Koch, 1841) has colonised many parts of the world from its continent of origin, Africa. By at least 1841, the species had successfully established populations in South America and has more recently expanded its range to the southern states of North America. This highly adaptable spider has been far more successful in finding its niche around the world than its famous cousins, the black widow, Latrodectus mactans, found in the south-eastern states of North America, and the red-back, Latrodectus hasselti, found mostly in Australia, New Zealand and Japan. Methods: We performed an extensive web search of brown widow sightings and mapped the location of each sighting using ArcGIS. Specimens reputedly of the species L. geometricus were collected at three localities in Peninsular Malaysia. The spiders were identified and documented based on an examination of morphological characteristics and DNA barcoding. Results: The spiders found in Peninsular Malaysia were confirmed to be Latrodectus geometricus based on their morphological characteristics and DNA barcodes. We recorded 354 sightings of the brown widow in 58 countries, including Peninsular Malaysia. Conclusion: Reports from the Americas and the Far East suggest a global-wide invasion of the brown widow spider. Herein we report the arrival of the brown widow spider in Peninsular Malaysia and provide notes on the identification of the species and its recently expanded range.

Item Type: Article
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Braima, Kamil A. Jeffery, John Wan-Nor, Fitri Alaa-Eldin, Mohamed E. Mohd-Zin, Siti-Waheeda Wan-Yusoff, Wan S. Norma-Rashid, Yusoff Lau, Yee L. Rohela, Mahmud Abdul-Aziz, Noraishah M. Engineering, Faculty /I-7935-2015 Engineering, Faculty /0000-0002-4848-7052 Malaysian Ministry of Higher Education FP013/2010A, FP036/2010A; University of Malaya PV052/2012A, RG301/11HTM, RG509-13HTM; High Impact Research Grant UM.C/625/1/HIR/148/2 Authors were awarded University of Malaya Research Grants (RG301/11HTM to WSW, and RG509-13HTM to NMAA) and Fundamental Research Grants from the Malaysian Ministry of Higher Education (FP013/2010A to WSW, and FP036/2010A to RM). KAB was supported by the University of Malaya Postgraduate Research Fund (PV052/2012A) and research assistantship High Impact Research Grant (UM.C/625/1/HIR/148/2). JJ was awarded a research assistantship (RG509-13HTM). The funders played no part study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. The corresponding author, Noraishah Mydin Abdul-Aziz, had full access to all study data and had final responsibility for the decision to submit for publication. 0 BIOMED CENTRAL LTD LONDON J VENOM ANIM TOXINS
Uncontrolled Keywords: Latrodectus geometricus, Brown widow spider, Colonization, DNA, barcoding, Envenomation, Global invasion, Invasive species, Medically, important arthropods, Synanthropy, LATRODECTUS-GEOMETRICUS ARANEAE, GENUS LATRODECTUS, SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA, THERIDIIDAE, ENVENOMATION, BLACK, BITES, AFRICA, ARACHNIDA, ADDITIONS,
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 09 Jun 2016 00:23
Last Modified: 21 Mar 2019 06:24
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/15833

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