Evaluation of CrAlN multilayered coatings deposited by PVD magnetron sputtering

Mehran, Q.M. and Bushroa, A.R. and Fazal, M.A. (2015) Evaluation of CrAlN multilayered coatings deposited by PVD magnetron sputtering. Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, 29 (19). pp. 2076-2089. ISSN 0169-4243

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Abstract

The purpose of this experimental work is to evaluate the mechanical and tribological properties of chromium aluminum nitride (CrAlN) coating deposited on hypereutectic Al-Si-alloy. The microstructural, topographical analysis, and composition of CrAlN-coated substrates were examined by using scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive spectroscopy, whereas phase formation was analyzed by X-ray Diffractometer (XRD). Atomic force microscopy (AFM) images were taken from the substrate surface before and after the coating. The scratch adhesion of film-to-substrate was measured by using scratch machine. In an effort to understand the critical point, loads were identified by Scratch track in terms of load vs. depth as a function of scan distance. Moreover, the critical load as the beginning of chipping or spallation of the coating was studied. The tribological properties of CrAlN coating were evaluated by pin on disc tribometer at room temperature. XRD analysis showed that CrAlN successfully deposited with a preferential orientation along the (111), (200) and (220) peaks. The AFM images of coated sample confirmed that the surface roughness was lower(R-a=14nm) as compared to uncoated sample (R-a=46nm). The hardness of coated hypereutectic Al-Si-alloy was increased about 5.8 times as compared to uncoated sample. The coefficient of friction and wear rate of coated specimen were found to be improved. The coating adhesion strength of 2341mN was obtained with coating parameters for deposition of DC power (350W), RF power (200W), temperature (175 degrees C), and nitrogen flow rate (5).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ISI Document Delivery No.: CL5SO Times Cited: 0 Cited Reference Count: 38 Cited References: Beake BD, 2011, TRIBOL INT, V44, P468, DOI 10.1016/j.triboint.2010.12.002 Budinski KG, 1988, SURFACE ENG WEAR RES BULL SJ, 1991, SURF COAT TECH, V50, P25, DOI 10.1016/0257-8972(91)90188-3 Bull SJ, 1997, TRIBOL INT, V30, P491, DOI 10.1016/S0301-679X(97)00012-1 Bull SJ, 2006, TRIBOL INT, V39, P99, DOI 10.1016/j.triboint.2005.04.013 Burakowski T, 2010, SURFACE ENG METALS P BURNETT PJ, 1987, THIN SOLID FILMS, V154, P403, DOI 10.1016/0040-6090(87)90382-8 Chen JJ, 2011, J PHYS D APPL PHYS, V44, DOI 10.1088/0022-3727/44/3/034001 Chim YC, 2009, THIN SOLID FILMS, V517, P4845, DOI 10.1016/j.tsf.2009.03.038 Davis JR, 2001, SURFACE ENG CORROSIO Ding XZ, 2008, THIN SOLID FILMS, V516, P5716, DOI 10.1016/j.tsf.2007.07.069 Hao Y, 2011, APPL SURF SCI, V257, P3913, DOI 10.1016/j.apsusc.2010.11.118 Hazar H, 2010, MATER DESIGN, V31, P624, DOI 10.1016/j.matdes.2009.06.006 Hogmark S, 2000, WEAR, V246, P20, DOI 10.1016/S0043-1648(00)00505-6 Huang JH, 2005, SURF COAT TECH, V191, P17, DOI 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2004.07.066 Kato K, 2006, WEAR MAT MECH PRACTI, P9 Kelly PJ, 2000, VACUUM, V56, P159, DOI 10.1016/S0042-207X(99)00189-X KOCKER GMZ, 1994, WEAR, V179, P5 Lackner JM, 2013, THIN SOLID FILMS, V534, P417, DOI 10.1016/j.tsf.2013.03.025 Lamastra FR, 2006, SURF COAT TECH, V200, P6172, DOI 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2005.11.013 Mayrhofer PH, 2002, THIN SOLID FILMS, V415, P151, DOI 10.1016/S0040-6090(02)00511-4 Normand B, 2000, SURF COAT TECH, V123, P278, DOI 10.1016/S0257-8972(99)00532-0 OLIVER WC, 1992, J MATER RES, V7, P1564, DOI 10.1557/JMR.1992.1564 Panjan P, 2008, SURF COAT TECH, V202, P2302, DOI 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2007.09.033 Park IW, 2007, SURF COAT TECH, V201, P5223, DOI 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2006.07.118 Rebholz C, 1999, SURF COAT TECH, V113, P126, DOI 10.1016/S0257-8972(98)00840-8 Reiter AE, 2005, SURF COAT TECH, V200, P2114, DOI 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2005.01.043 Rodrigo A, 2001, SURF COAT TECH, V148, P8, DOI 10.1016/S0257-8972(01)01329-9 Romero J, 2006, THIN SOLID FILMS, V515, P113, DOI 10.1016/j.tsf.2006.01.061 Rossi S, 1999, THIN SOLID FILMS, V350, P161, DOI 10.1016/S0040-6090(99)00235-7 Shah HN, 2012, J MATER ENG PERFORM, V21, P2002, DOI 10.1007/s11665-011-0112-0 SUH NP, 1981, WEAR, V69, P91, DOI 10.1016/0043-1648(81)90315-X Uchida M, 2004, SURF COAT TECH, V177, P627, DOI 10.1016/S0257-8972(03)00937-X Wain N, 2005, SURF COAT TECH, V200, P1885, DOI 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2005.08.016 Wang YX, 2012, SURF COAT TECH, V206, P5103, DOI 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2012.06.041 Yang SC, 2013, SURF COAT TECH, V236, P2, DOI 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2013.07.017 Yu CY, 2009, J MATER SCI, V44, P300, DOI 10.1007/s10853-008-3066-3 Zhang ZG, 2009, APPL SURF SCI, V255, P4020, DOI 10.1016/j.apsusc.2008.10.075 Mehran, Q. M. Bushroa, A. R. Fazal, M. A. Engineering, Faculty /I-7935-2015 Engineering, Faculty /0000-0002-4848-7052 University Malaya Research UM.TNC2/IPPP/UPGP/638/PPP/PG116-2013; UMRG UM.TNC2/RC/AET/261/1/1/RP017-2012C This work was supported by the University Malaya Research grant number UM.TNC2/IPPP/UPGP/638/PPP/PG116-2013; UMRG (Program) UM.TNC2/RC/AET/261/1/1/RP017-2012C. 0 TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD ABINGDON J ADHES SCI TECHNOL
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hypereutectic al-si-alloy, pvd magnetron sputtering, craln-coating, scratch adhesion, tribology, cathodic arc evaporation, scratch adhesion, tribological properties, mechanical-properties, wear properties, thin-films, hardness, microstructure, friction, steel,
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2016 00:48
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2016 00:48
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/15787

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