The relationship between science and government in Iran: a historical perspective

Shamsaie, Maryam and Abdul Murad, Mohd Hazim Shah (2013) The relationship between science and government in Iran: a historical perspective. Asian Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities, 2 (1). pp. 125-136. ISSN 2186-8484,

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Researchers here at this point to define the relationship between the government actions and the process of scientific activities. It can be also narrated in this way: How do politician’s attitudes, policies and decisions impact the scientific arena? In common wisdom, the functions of science and thinking in a closed society with a closed government is absolutely affected and is therefore canalized in the best case and even nonexistent as a result of suppression of free, independent thoughts in the worst scenario. In this paper we shall look at the relationship between Islam, science and government in Iran from a historical perspective. We will shall by looking at science in Iran in the ancient (pre-Islamic) period, in the Middle Age after the advent of Islam, and finally in the modern period.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Prof. Dr. Mohd Hazim Shah holds a Bachelor’s degree in Liberal Studies in Science from Manchester University, England, a Master’s degree in Philosophy from the London School of Economics, and a PhD in the History and Philosophy of Science from the University of Pittsburgh, U.S.A. In 1993 he was a Visiting Research Fellow at the Department of History & Philosophy of Science, University of Melbourne, Australia. From January to June 2008 he spent his sabbatical leave at the Department of History and Philosophy of Science, University of Cambridge, as a Visiting Scholar. He is currently a Professor in the Department of Science and Technology Studies, University of Malaya, where he teaches the history, philosophy, and sociology of science. He has been the Deputy President of the Malaysian Social Science Association since 2000. His research interest includes theoretical studies on science and culture, and comparative epistemology.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Science, Democratic Government, Nondemocratic Government, Islamic Government, Modern History
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > B Philosophy (General)
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BL Religion
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Science and Technology Studies
Depositing User: Ms Saidatul Azura Radzi
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2014 03:08
Last Modified: 11 Feb 2019 07:24

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