Immunohistochemistry and spinal projections of the reticular formation in the northern leopard frog, Rana pipiens

Adli, D.S.H. and Cruce, W.L.R. and Stuesse, S.L. (1999) Immunohistochemistry and spinal projections of the reticular formation in the northern leopard frog, Rana pipiens. Journal of Comparative Neurology, 404 (3). pp. 387-407. ISSN 0021-9967, DOI

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Over 30 nuclei have been identified in the reticular formation of rats, but only a small number of distinct reticular nuclei have been recognized in frogs. We used immunohistochemistry, retrograde tracing, and cell morphology to identify nuclei within the brainstem of Rana pipiens. FluoroGold was injected into the spinal cord, and, in the same frogs, antibodies to enkephalin, substance P, somatostatin, and serotonin were localized in adjacent sections. We identified many previously unrecognized reticular nuclei. The rhombencephalic reticular formation contained reticularis (r.) dorsalis; r. ventralis, pars alpha and pars beta; r. magnocellularis; r. parvocellularis; r. gigantocellularis; r. paragigantocellularis lateralis and dorsalis; r. pontis caudalis, pars alpha and pars beta; nucleus visceralis secundarius; r. pontis oralis, pars medialis and pars lateralis; raphe obscurus; raphe pallidus; raphe magnus; and raphe pontis. The mesencephalic reticular formation contained locus coeruleus-subcoeruleus, r. cuneiformis, r. subcuneiformis, raphe dorsalis-raphe centralis superior, and raphe linearis. Thus, the reticular formation of frog, which is an anamniote, is organized complexly and is similar to the reticular formation in amniotes. Because many of these nuclei may be homologous to reticular nuclei in mammals, we used mammalian terminology for frog reticular nuclei. (C) 1999 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science Building, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA
Uncontrolled Keywords: Animals; Fluorescent Dyes; Immunohistochemistry; Neural Pathways/anatomy & histology/cytology/metabolism; Rana pipiens/*anatomy & histology; Raphe Nuclei/anatomy & histology/cytology/metabolism; Reticular Formation/*anatomy & histology/cytology/*metabolism; Serotonin/metabolism; Somatostatin/metabolism; Spinal Cord/*anatomy & histology/cytology/*metabolism; *Stilbamidines; Substance P/metabolism
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Institute of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Miss Malisa Diana
Date Deposited: 10 Jul 2013 04:19
Last Modified: 10 Jul 2013 04:19

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