Prevalence of overweight and obesity among adult Malaysians: an update

Mohamud, W.N.W. and Musa, K.I. and Khir, A.S.M. and Ismail, A.A. and Ismail, I.S. and Kadir, K.A. and Kamaruddin, N.A. and Yaacob, N.A. and Mustafa, N. and Ali, O. and Isa, S.H.M. and Bebakar, W.M.W. (2011) Prevalence of overweight and obesity among adult Malaysians: an update. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 20 (1). pp. 35-41. ISSN 0964-7058,

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A total of 4428 adults (>18 years old) from 5 different selected regions in Peninsular and East Malaysia participated in this health survey. Using World Health Organization recommendations for body mass index (HMI), the prevalence of overweight and obesity were found to be 33.6 (95 CI= 32.2, 35.0) and 19.5 (95 CI= 18.3, 20.7) respectively. There were more females who were obese (22.5, 95 CI=20.9, 24.0) compared to males (14.1, 95 CI=12.3, 15.9). Highest prevalence of obesity were among the Indians (24.6, 95 CI=20.3, 29.3), followed closely by the Malays (23.2, 95 CI=21.6, 24.8) and lowest prevalence was among the Chinese subjects (8.2, 95 CI=6.2, 10.6). More than 43 of the 531 younger subjects (<30 years old) were either overweight (20, 95 CI=16.6, 23.6) or obese (13.9, 95 CI=11.1, 17.2). All subjects who claimed to be non-diabetes were required to undergo 75 g glucose tolerance test. Compared to subjects with normal BMI (18.5-24.9 kg/m(2)), there was a 3- and 2-folds increase in the prevalence of newly diagnosed diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance respectively, among obese subjects (BMI >30 kg/m(2)) who initially claimed to have no diabetes. This study highlights a need for more active, inter-sectoral participation advocating a health-promoting environment in order to combat obesity in this country.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Times Cited: 2 Mohamud, Wan Nazaimoon Wan Musa, Kamarul Imran Khir, Amir Sharifuddin Md Ismail, Aziz al-Safi Ismail, Ikram Shah Kadir, Khalid Abdul Kamaruddin, Nor Azmi Yaacob, Nor Azwany Mustafa, Norlaila Ali, Osman Isa, Siti Harnida Md Bebakar, Wan Mohamad Wan
Uncontrolled Keywords: overweight; obesity; prevalence; oral glucose tolerance test; Malaysia
Subjects: R Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms Haslinda Lahuddin
Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2013 00:49
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2013 01:36

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